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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
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Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(9): 2830-2845
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.709.352


Effect of Temperature on Soil Enzyme Acid Phosphatase
J. Aruna Kumari1, P.C. Rao2, G. Padmaja3 and M. Madhavi4
1Department of Biochemistry, College of Agriculture, Rajendranagar, PJTSAU, India
2Department of Agriculture, PJTSAU, India
3Agricultural College, Jagital, India
4ACRPP, Weed control, Rajendranagar, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Soil enzymes play a major role in mineralization of nitrogen, phosphorus and sulphur. mineralization is the process of transformation of organically bound elements into mineral form which will readily taken up by plants and is crucial to plant nutrition and indirectly plays a role agriculture productivity. The enzyme phosphatase plays an important role in providing the plant its nutrition. In most soils, the organically bound P- fraction is higher than the inorganic. Phosphorus uptake by plants requires mineralization of the organic P component by phosphatases to available form. Phosphatases are inducible enzymes that are produced predominantly under conditions of low phosphorus availability. Phosphatases are excreted by plant roots and by microorganisms. Microbial phosphatases dominate in soils. The activity of phosphatase in soil is influenced by the temperature. The abiontic enzymes present in the soil play an important role in catalyzing several important reactions necessary for the life processes of microorganisms in soils and their by stabilizing soil structure, the decomposition of organic wastes, organic matter formation and nutrient cycling. When the temperatures are increased due various changes caused by global warming and other aspects they have a profound influence on soil enzymes and indirectly on agricultural productivity. Every enzyme has its own optimum temperature below the optimum temperature the enzyme activity is less due to inactivation and above the optimum temperature the enzyme activity decreases due to denaturation. Due to increase in temperature the enzymes are denatured and nutrients availability is decreasing and indirectly effecting productivity. To study the effect of temperature on soil enzyme activity four different soils samples were collected and incubation studies were carried out at different temperatures ranging from 20 oC to 90oC with two Alfisols and two Vertisols. The enzyme activity ranged from 9.2 to 297.5 (µg of 4-nitrophenol g-1 soil h-1)


Keywords: Alfisol, Acid phosphatase, Temperature, Vertisol, Climate change and Productivity
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How to cite this article:

Aruna Kumari, J., P.C. Rao, G. Padmaja and Madhavi, M. 2018. Effect of Temperature on Soil Enzyme Acid Phosphatase.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(9): 2830-2845. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.709.352