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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
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Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(9): 2580-2589
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.709.321


Determination of Crop Water Requirement and Crop Coefficient at Different Growth Stages of Green Gram Crop by Using Non-Weighing Lysimeter
B. Srinivas* and K.N. Tiwari
Agricultural and Food Engineering Department, IIT, Kharagpur, West Bengal-721302, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Designing, establishing and managing irrigation projects, and scheduling irrigation requires estimating a crop seasonal water requirement. Lysimeter experiment conducted on green gram during Kharif season. His experiment was aimed at determining the seasonal crop evapotranspiration (ETc) and crop coefficient (Kc) of green gram crop for different development stages. Three non-weighing type lysimeters with dimension of 1 m × 1 m × 1.2 m were used to determine the daily ETc of green gram crop. Crop coefficient (Kc) was determined for each growth stages as the ratio of crop evapotranspiration (ETc) to that of reference crop evapotranspiration (ETo). The ETc was determined by soil water balance equation and ETo was computed by DSS-ET version 4.1. (A decision support system for estimation of crop evapotranspiration). Using FAO Penman-Monteith equation, the seasonal ETc was found to be 36.83 mm, 86.78 mm, 67.12 mm and 16.52 mm of water calculated for initial, crop development, mid-season and late season stages, respectively. The measured crop coefficient (Kc) values were 0.34, 0.45, 0.57, 0.69, 0.8, 0.99, 1.05, 1.13, 1.1, 1.04, 0.92, 0.66, 0.57, 0.42, 0.37 and 0.17 for the respective. Some of the crop coefficient values found in this experiment differed slightly from the average of FAO estimation but some lie in the range put for different environment. Thus, the observed difference indicates that there is a need to develop Kc values for a given local climate conditions and cultivars. Some crop yield and growth parameters were also collected in a sage-wise. The plant height and Number of primary, secondary and tertiary branches per plant were obtained at the mid-season stage, which was the highest from the four growth stages. The number of fruits per plant is 16 in mid-stage and 25 in late stage and the average maximum dry fruit weight per plant of Green gram was 8.12 gm.


Keywords: Green gram, Lysimeter, Crop canopy, Crop Evapotranspiration (ETc), Crop coefficient (Kc), Reference crop Evapotranspiration (ETO)
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How to cite this article:

Srinivas, B. and Tiwari, K.N. 2018. Determination of Crop Water Requirement and Crop Coefficient at Different Growth Stages of Green Gram Crop by Using Non-Weighing Lysimeter.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(9): 2580-2589. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.709.321