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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(9): 2238-2247
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.709.277


Energy Balance Study of Combined Carbonization and Liquefaction of Coconut Shell
Joshi Priyanka Suhas1, Khot Samreen Anwarali1, A.G. Mohod2 and Y.P. Khandetod2
1Department of Agri. Engg.,
2Department of Electrical and Other Energy Sources, College of Agricultural Engineering and Technology, Dr. BSKKV, Dapoli, Ratnagiri - 415 712, Maharashtra, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The work was carried out to study the combine carbonization and liquefaction of coconut shell (Cocus nucifera) biomass in order to produce the charcoal and bio crude oil. The characterization was carried out before and after carbonization process in terms of proximate analysis, higher calorific value and bulk density. The carbonization cum liquefaction was evaluated in terms of mass conversion efficiency, volumetric energy ratio, energy density ratio and properties of charcoal and bio-oil. The results obtained from the characterization of selected coconut shell (Cocus nucifera) biomass revealed that coconut shell showed its higher suitability for carbonization cum liquefaction with higher fixed carbon (21.796 %), lower ash (1.84 %), higher calorific value (5041 kcal/kg) and high bulk density (486.33 kg/m3). Total amount of charcoal produced by carbonization cum liquefaction process from 32.948 kg coconut shell was 10.83 kg, with 3140 ml bio-oil, the fixed carbon content of coconut shell charcoal was 76.497 %. The higher calorific value of coconut shell charcoal and bio-oil was 6795 kcal/kg and 5320 kcal/kg, respectively. The mass conversion efficiency, volumetric energy ratio and energy density ratio of charcoal and bio-oil production using coconut shell (Cocus nucifera) was found to be 42.4 per cent, 4.04 per cent and 2.51 per cent respectively. Coconut shell fuel showed its higher suitability for combine charcoal and bio-oil production in terms of mass conversion efficiency, volumetric energy ratio and energy density ratio.


Keywords: Energy, Balance, Carbonization, Liquefaction, Coconut shell
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How to cite this article:

Joshi Priyanka Suhas, Khot Samreen Anwarali, A.G. Mohod and Khandetod, Y.P. 2018. Energy Balance Study of Combined Carbonization and Liquefaction of Coconut Shell.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(9): 2238-2247. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.709.277