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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2019: 96.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(9): 1650-1658
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.709.199


Tuber Crops Based Integrated Farming System Studies in Bastar and Kondagaon Districts of Chhattisgarh
Deo Shankar*, Chetna Banjare and M.K. Sahu
Shaheed Gundadhoor College of Agriculture and Research Station (Indira Gandhi Krishi Vishwavidyalaya) Jagdalpur, Bastar 494 005 (Chhattisgarh), India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

An investigation for tuber crops based farming system studies under the project Tribal Sub Plan, AICRP on Tuber Crops was conducted with different components of farming conducted during the year 2012-13 to 2015-16 at two locations of Bastar division of Chhattisgarh. The Location-1 was Village: Gumiyapal, Tokapal Block, Bastar District, Chhattisgarh State (N 19áµ’ 07.181’ and E 81áµ’ 50.905’; 506 msl) and Location-2 was Village: Tatirash, Keshkal Block, Kondagaon District, Chhattisgarh State (N 19 ÌŠ 59.961' and E 081 ÌŠ 35.427'; 644 msl). The Socio-economic profiles of the farmers of both locations were recorded before and after intervention of the farming system studies. After the intervention of tuber crops based integrated farming system in the farmer’s field in Gumiyapal village, the farmers gross and net income increased to Rs 5,33,110/- and Rs 403720 ha-1, respectively. The increase in income was due to integration of tuber crops, fruit crops, fish, poultry and ducks along with cereals and pulses. The gross and net income increased 463 and 610% respectively after intervention of tuber crops based integrated farming system. The B: C ratio increased from 1.56 to 4.12. The employment generation increased from 199 to 261 man days. After the intervention of tuber crops based integrated farming system in the farmer’s field in Tatirash village, the farmers gross and net income increased to Rs 5,28,660/- and Rs 3,97,960/ha, respectively. The gross and net income increased 397 and 447% respectively after intervention of tuber crops based integrated farming system. The B: C ratio increased from 2.18 to 4.04. Under the farming system studies different crop component, animal component, fruit crops component has been tested at field of tribal farmers at village- Gumiyapal (Tokapal, Bastar) and Tatirash (Keshkal, Kondagaon). Under the crops component Amorphophallus/Zimikand given highest BC ratio 1: 3.35 followed by Dioscorea bulbifera (1:3.20) and Colocasia (Bunda) (1:2.75) as compare to other crops. The employment generation increased from 203 to 263 man days. However, more than additional employment, spread of employment through-out the year was attained in tuber crops based integrated farming system. Tuber crops based farming system is an integrated approach to farming as compared to monoculture. This model could increase land productivity, income of the farmers, balance nutrition, employment and sustainability of the farmer. This could be a model to attract and retain present generation farmers who are very migrating to urban areas. However, we need to frame policies to help the small farmers to diversify their activities towards both on-farm and off-farm activities for enhanced sustainability and productivity. The model developed has the potential to transform the tribal region of Chhattisgarh, especially the Bastar and Kondagaon districts.


Keywords: Farming system, Tuber crops, Integrated, Bastar, Fish components, B: C ratio
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How to cite this article:

Deo Shankar, Chetna Banjare and Sahu, M.K. 2018. Tuber Crops Based Integrated Farming System Studies in Bastar and Kondagaon Districts of Chhattisgarh.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(9): 1650-1658. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.709.199