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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39 For more details click here
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(9): 420-429
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.709.052


Biocontrol of Fusarium Wilt in Tomato caused by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici
M. Theradimani*, S. Susitha and C. Amudha
Department of Plant Pathology, Horticultural College and Research Institute, TNAU, Periyakulam-625 604, Tamil Nadu, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Efficacy of biocontrol agents and organic amendments was evaluated for their potential to manage the Fusarium wilt of tomato (Lycopersicon escluentum L.) caused by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici (FOL). Yeast, Trichoderma viride, T. harzianum and Pseudomonas spp. were collected from tomato growing areas of Tamil Nadu, India, and tested for antagonistic activity against the pathogen using a dual culture technique in Petri dishes. Yeast 1 was best in inhibiting mycelial growth of FOL (69.59%), followed by Trichoderma viride 1 which inhibited mycelial growth by 68.50%. Among oil cakes and plant oil extracts tested, neem cake extract (5%) and neem oil (3%) reduced growth of FOL. The effective antagonists and organic amendments screened in vitro were confirmed in pot culture. In pot culture soil application of Yeast 1 @ 2.5 kg ha-1 was the most effective. Combinations screened in laboratory and pot culture conditions were tested against FOL under field conditions. The field experiment confirmed that Yeast 1 SA @ 2.5 kg ha-1 provided the best disease reduction over control and increased fruit yield.


Keywords: Fusarium, Biocontrol, Organic amendments
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How to cite this article:

Theradimani, M., S. Susitha and Amudha, C. 2018. Biocontrol of Fusarium Wilt in Tomato caused by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(9): 420-429. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.709.052