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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(8): 4554-4585
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.708.482


Phytochemical Evaluation of Chrozophora rottleri (Geiseler) A. Juss. ex Spreng.
Sambhavy1, Sudhir Chandra Varma2 and Baidyanath Kumar3*
1Department of Biotechnology
2Department of Botany, G. D. College, Begusarai (LNMU, Darbhanga), Bihar, India
3Department of Biotechnology, Patna Science College, Patna University, Patna, Bihar, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Chrozophora rottleri belongs to Euphorbiaceae family commonly known as Suryavarti. The plant occurs naturally throughout India, Myanmar, Thailand, Andaman Islands, and Central Java: Malesia. C. rottleri, an erect hairy annual common waste lands, blossoms profusely from January to April. It is an erect herb with silvery hairs; lower part of stem is naked, upper part hairy and has slender tap-root. The three-lobe leaves are alternative, thick and rugose. The plants are monoecious, the flowers borne in sessile axillary racemes with staminate flowers in upper and pistillate flowers in the lower part of raceme. The major phytochemicals of C. rottleri include Alkaloids, carbohydrate, glycosides, tannins, steroids, flavonoids and saponins, quercetin 3-o-rutinoside (1, rutin), acacetin 7-orutinoside (2), and apigenin 7-o-b-d-[6-(3,4- dihydroxybenzoyl)] -glucopyranoside (named, chrozo phorin, 5). In the present investigation important phytochemicals of aerial parts Chrozophora rottleri have been studied in the ethanol extracts using Paper Chromatography, Mass spectroscopy, Thin Layer Chromatography, HPLC, NMR and Mass spectroscopy techniques since there is no systematic phytochemicals carried out in this species. The investigation revealed that the aerial parts of this plant contain flavone, methylated flavones, glycosides and acylated glycosides. The seeds were found to contain a blue dye. C. rottleri was found to contain apigenin, apigenin 7-O-methyl ether, apigenin 7-O-β-D glucopyranoside, apigenin 7-O- (6’’-E-p-coumaroyl)- β -D- glucopyranoside (a rare flavonoid) and apigenin 7-O-(3’’-E-p-coumaroyl)-β -D- glucopyranoside (a new acylated flavonoid). The occurrence of flavanones is the first report from the species Chrozophora rottleri.


Keywords: Phytochemicals, Chrozophora rottleri, Medicinal properties, Euphorbiaceae
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How to cite this article:

Sambhavy, Sudhir Chandra Varma and Baidyanath Kumar. 2018. Phytochemical Evaluation of Chrozophora rottleri (Geiseler) A. Juss. ex Spreng.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(8): 4554-4585. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.708.482