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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
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Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(8): 4533-4543
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.708.480


Relationship between the Differential Managemental Practices of Poultry Owners and Their Socio-Personal, Socio-Economic and Communicational Characteristics in Rajouri District of Jammu and Kashmir State
Mohd Saleem Choudhary1, Pranav Kumar1, Bharat Bhushan2 and R.A. Bafanda1
1Division of Veterinary and Animal Husbandry Extension Education, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences and Animal Husbandry, SKUAST-J, R.S. Pura, Jammu-181102, India
2SKUAST-J, Chatha Jammu-180009, Jammu and Kashmir, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Poultry production in India has taken a quantum leap in the last four decades, emerging from an entirely unorganized and unscientific farming practice to a commercial production system with state-of-the-art technological interventions. Indian commercial poultry sector has advanced remarkably due to a scientific approach adopted by the industry and an enabling environment created by the Government. The present study was conducted in in Rajouri of Jammu and Kashmir state to assess o the managemental practices of organized and unorganized sector of poultry production in Rajouri district of Jammu and Kashmir state. Rajouri district consist of 19 blocks, five blocks were selected purposely having presence of good number of poultry farmers. A compressive list of both organised and an unorganised (backyard) farm of selected blocks of Rajouri district was prepared. From the list, 12 poultry farms each from both organised and unorganised system of poultry production were selected randomly from five selected blocks, making a total of 120 respondents for the study. Multistage random sampling was adopted for the research purpose. The data was collected from 120 resplendent belonging to Nowshera Sunderban, Rajouri, Darhal and Thanamandi blocks with the help of structured interview schedule containing selected dependent and independent variables through personal interview technique. The collected data were analyzed by using suitable statistical tools such as frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation; mean percent score (MPS) technique etc. for analysis. The studies revealed that majority of respondent in organized system were practicing semi intensive and intensive system of poultry farming, whereas, in unorganized system all respondent were practicing extensive system of poultry production in all the five districts. Majority of the respondents of organized system feed their birds 3 to 4 times and twice a day respectively where as in unorganized system the birds are released in the morning and left the birds for scavenging in the surrounding of the house. Majority of respondent feed 90 to 110 gm feed per day in organised system while in unorganized system the birds generally fed ad-lib from scavenging. Majority per cent of respondents were providing tap water as a source of drinking water to their birds and only 8.30 per cent respondents used from natural sources such as spring waters (Chashme Wahae) while in backyard system of poultry rearing respondent use open drains as a source of drinking water. In organized system of poultry rearing that majority of respondents treat the birds by veterinary doctors while in unorganized system major 40 percent of respondents treated the birds by self-treatment followed by paravets. In organized system major cause or mortality is due to outbreak of diseases while majority respondents of unorganized system reported mortality due to the attack of predators. Coccidiosis and IBD are major disease affecting production in organised while in unorganized system respiratory problems, Fowl pox, Coccidiosis, IBD and Ranikhet diseases were reported which affects production.


Keywords: Backyard poultry farms, Managemental practices, Organised farms, Unorganised farms
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How to cite this article:

Mohd Saleem Choudhary, Pranav Kumar, Bharat Bhushan and Bafanda, R.A. 2018. Relationship between the Differential Managemental Practices of Poultry Owners and Their Socio-Personal, Socio-Economic and Communicational Characteristics in Rajouri District of Jammu and Kashmir State.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(8): 4533-4543. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.708.480