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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(8): 4315-4320
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.708.452


Utilization of Polythene Mulching under Protected Cultivation of Tomato: A Method to Minimize Amount of Irrigation Under Semi Arid Ecosystem of Jharkhand
Chanchila Kumari*, Binit Kumar and Manish Kumar
1ICAR-NRRI-CRURRS-KVK, Koderma, 825109 (Jharkhand)
2ICAR-IISR, Lucknow, 226002 (Uttar Pradesh), India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The trails have been conducted at semi tropical upland rainfed ecosystem of village Urwa Block: Chandwara, Koderma, Jharkhand during summer season in poly house. The Black polytheen sheet has been utilized for providing mulching in experiment. The different growth parameters like morphological character, dry matter accumulation and number of fruits, weight of fruit per cluster, yield per hectare including cost benefit ratio have been calculated between mulched and unmulched treatment combination. Data revealed that experiment was exhibit the impact of black polytheen sheet with the thickness of 25 micron recorded best result in comparison to unmulched treatment combination for Plant height (92.2 cm), minimum days took for 50% flowering (72.5 days), maximum number of primary branches (115.3), number of secondary branches (225.3), dry matter (38.2), fruit weight (84.3g), leaf area index (2.25) and yield (33.2 ton/ha) has been recorded. The yield and yield-contributing characters in the mulched treatments for all levels of irrigation were significantly higher over unmulched treatments. Drip irrigation with black polythene sheet recorded highest net returns (28,740 Rs/ha) and benefit cost ratio (1:1.23) in tomato. However, it was found that drip irrigation besides black polytheen mulching gave a saving of 38% water resulted into 42% higher fruit yield compared to surface irrigation. The study reveals that drip irrigation with mulching has an explicit role in increasing the land and water productivity of tomato.


Keywords: Poly house, Polythene mulching, Drip irrigation, Soil moisture and rainfed
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How to cite this article:

Chanchila Kumari, Binit Kumar and Manish Kumar. 2018. Utilization of Polythene Mulching under Protected Cultivation of Tomato: A Method to Minimize Amount of Irrigation Under Semi Arid Ecosystem of Jharkhand.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(8): 4315-4320. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.708.452