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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00 For more details click here
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(8): 4024-4028
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.708.416


Management of Liquid Waste in a Clinical Laboratory
C. Nagaraj*
Department of Microbiology, PES Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Kuppam – 517 425, Chittoor District, Andhra Pradesh, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Clinical Laboratory produces large quantities of liquid infectious waste in the form of body fluids including blood. Biomedical waste management generally covers the solid waste generated in the Health care set up. Liquid infected waste management in a hospital is mainly addressed in the form of Sewage treatment plant (STP) or Effluent treatment plant (ETP) which is made mandatory for hospitals. Construction of these facilities involves lot of financial expenditure. Small facilities may not be able to afford to construct a STP or ETP in their facility. There may be place and / or budgetary constraints. Current study addresses the small-scale health care facility like a standalone Clinical Laboratory wherein the liquid waste could be let into the public drainage system after pre treatment to remove infectious agents. This article highlights the use of easily available and affordable material for the construction of a disinfection system in a facility. After disinfection of the liquid waste, it could be safely discarded into the sewage system without fear of releasing toxic or infectious material into the public drainage system. It also suggests an alternative backup system if the primary step of disinfection is missed out wherein the wash basin is connected to a large container where the discarded liquid waste collects and before it is let into the public drain, it is mixed with 1 % Sodium Hypochlorite and retained for a contact period of 20 minutes before the outlet valve is opened to drain out the disinfected liquid waste. This is cost effective, affordable and easy to use liquid waste management for any small and medium Clinical laboratory or small clinical setup.


Keywords: Sodium hypochlorite, Body fluid disposal, Double bucket system, Liquid biomedical waste management, Clinical Laboratory waste management, Hospital infection control practices
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How to cite this article:

Nagaraj, C. 2018. Management of Liquid Waste in a Clinical Laboratory.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(8): 4024-4028. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.708.416