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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(8): 860-869
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.708.097


An Analytical Study of Long Term Rainfall Variability of Washim (Maharashtra), India Using GIS
Sudarshan Awatade1*, Sumedh R. Kashiwar2, Souvik Ghosh1, R.B. Singhandhupe3 and Usha R. Dongarwar4
1Department of Agricultural Extension
2 Department of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, Palli Shiksha Bhavana (Institute of Agriculture), Visva-Bharati, Sriniketan, West-Bengal, India-731236
3Agronomy, Central Institute for Cotton Research, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India-441108
4Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Sakoli, Bhandara, Maharashtra, India-441802
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The study of rainfall variability is very crucial in the tropical country like India where agriculture sector shared 17-18 percent to the country’s GDP. As rainfall having direct relationship with agriculture, change in rainfall patterns reveals direct effects on agricultural production and success or failure of cropping patterns countrywide. Hence, it is obligated to have precise knowledge of rainfall for disaster management, hydrological planning, economic development etc. So, the present study attempts to analyze monthly, seasonal and annual rainfall pattern using data series of 11 years (2007-2017) to get the spatial variability and temporal trends from six sub divisions of Washim, Maharashtra, India. Result shows the mean annual rainfall for the district as 796.96 mm, station wise ranges from 888.8 mm (Washim) as highest to 742.2 mm (Karanja) as lowest during 2007-2017. The month of July and August has proved very good for farmers contributing more to the average annual rainfall of the district. But, significantly high range of rainfall variability is observed in overall parts of the district during the first five months of the year that may result in increase in heating, water scarcity and lowering the ground water level. To cope with this type of agriculture related problems, it is essential to assess in advance the trend of future climatic variability based on past experiences. The present study will help to find out possible reason for the increasing water scarcity and will definitely provide a guideline for the researchers for sustainable development of water resources over all Washim district.


Keywords: Long term, Rainfall, Variability, Washim, GIS
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How to cite this article:

Sudarshan Awatade, Sumedh R. Kashiwar, Souvik Ghosh, R.B. Singhandhupe and Usha R. Dongarwar. 2018. An Analytical Study of Long Term Rainfall Variability of Washim (Maharashtra), India Using GIS.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(8): 860-869. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.708.097