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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(8): 654-660
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.708.070


Effect of Dietary Enrichment with Copper and Zinc Along with Additional Energy during Periparturient Period on Ovarian Steroids and Reproductive Performance in the Crossbred Cattle
B. Balamurugan1*, S. Mehrotra1, A. Bhimte2, M. Ramamoorthy1, A. Khatti1, V.P. Maurya2, G. Singh2 and M.C. Pathak2
1Division of Animal Reproduction; ICAR-Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar, Bareilly-243122, Uttar Pradesh, India
2Division of Physiology and Climatology; ICAR-Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar, Bareilly-243122, Uttar Pradesh, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The study was conducted to evaluate the effect of copper and zinc along with additional energy on steroid hormone and reproductive performance during periparturient period in crossbred cattle. Advanced pregnant crossbred cows (n=20) of 2 to 4 parity and lactation yield of >10L/day were divided into two equal groups (n=10 cows/group). In Group I the cows were supplemented with copper (15.7/kg DM), zinc (22 mg/kg DM) and increased energy allowance in the form of 20% additional concentrate, Group II cows were fed with only basal diet. Copper and zinc were supplemented with wheat flour bolus from 4 before to 8 week after calving whereas energy allowance was increased from 2 to 8 week after calving on daily basis to individual animal. Blood samples were collected to determine estradiol (E2) and progesterone (P4) in the serum using RIA. Postpartum reproductive performance was assessed in terms of calving to conception interval, pregnancy rate and number of service per conception. Serum E2 increased significantly at 1st week of prepartum, day of calving, 1,2,3,6,7 and 8 weeks postpartum in Group I as compared to Group II. Further, Serum P4 level increased significantly from 2nd week of prepartum, 4,5,6, and 7 weeks postpartum in Group I than that of Group II. Marked improvement in the fertility was recorded in terms of reduced calving to conception interval, service per conception.


Keywords: Copper, Zinc, Ovarian steriods, Reproductive performance, Periparturient cattle
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How to cite this article:

Balamurugan, B., S. Mehrotra, A. Bhimte, M. Ramamoorthy, A. Khatti, V.P. Maurya, G. Singh and Pathak, M.C. 2018. Effect of Dietary Enrichment with Copper and Zinc Along with Additional Energy during Periparturient Period on Ovarian Steroids and Reproductive Performance in the Crossbred Cattle.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(8): 654-660. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.708.070