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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2019: 96.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2016.5(9): 346-354
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2016.509.038


Prevalence of HIV, HBV, HCV and Syphilis in Blood Donors at Blood Bank in a Tertiary Hospital in Mandya District, Karnataka, India
Khalid Ahmed1*, B.S. Akshantha1, K.L. Shoba2 and B. Sumangala3
1Postgraduate Student, Department of Microbiology, Mandya Institute of Medical Sciences, Mandya, Karnataka, India
2Department of Pathology, Mandya Institute of Medical Sciences Mandya, Karnataka, India
3Department of Microbiology, Mandya Institute of Medical Sciences, Mandya, Karnataka, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Blood transfusion saves millions of people worldwide each year, but in developing countries like India, Transfusion Transmitted Infections (TTI’s) poses a great problem. With every unit of blood, there is 1% chance of transfusion-associated problems including transfusion-transmitted diseases. Viral infections cause the majority of morbidity and mortality in blood recipients. According to WHO estimate every year, due to lack of effective screening of blood donors results in up to 160,000 new cases of HIV, 16 million new infections with HBV, and 5 million new HCV infections. Therefore Screening of the blood donors is very essential in preventing Transfusion Transmitted Infections (TTI’s). Purpose: Study aims to know the prevalence of serological markers for HIV, HBV, HCV and Syphilis among the voluntary and replacement blood donors. Also To know the high risk age group among the blood donors infected with transfusion transmitted infections. A written n informed consent taken. All the blood samples collected from donors with sterile aseptic precautions. Screening blood samples for HIV, HBV, HCV done by ELISA and for Syphilis by RPR test. All the positive samples were retested by rapid Card method. Results: Out of total 14520 blood donors 12432(85.6%) were Voluntary donors and 2088 (14.4%) were replacement donors. A total of 212 samples found to be positive for Transmission transmitted Infections. Study demonstrated prevalence of HBV infections as 1.06%, followed by HIV as 0.2 %, HCV infections as 0.14% and Syphilis as 0.05%. Conclusion: The study demonstrated overall prevalence of Transfusion Transmitted Infections to be low i.e., 1.4%


Keywords: HIV infection, HBV, HVC, prevalence, Syphilis, transfusion
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How to cite this article:

Khalid Ahmed, B.S. Akshantha, K.L. Shoba and B. Sumangala. 2016. Prevalence of HIV, HBV, HCV and Syphilis in Blood Donors at  Blood Bank in a Tertiary Hospital in Mandya District, Karnataka, India.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 5(9): 346-354. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2016.509.038