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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2017.6(12): 5429-5438
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.612.508


Nutrient based seed coating formulation for enhancement of seed germination characteristics, crop growth and productivity of cotton
M. Bhaskaran, R. Santhiya and R. Umarani*
Department of Seed Science and Technology, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore - 641 301, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Seed coating polymer is a product in which additives are dissolved or dispersed in a liquid adhesive, usually a dyed solution of a polymer, into which the seeds are dipped or sprayed before drying. The objective of the present study was thus to develop a ‘seed coating polymer formulation’ and standardize the optimum dosage for coating of seeds and assess their effect on seed germination and plant growth characteristics of cotton. The seed coating polymer formulation was developed by mixing ingredients such asMurashige and Skoog medium, carboxy methyl cellulose, gelatin, glycerol, bone meal, dicalcium phosphate and pectin in appropriate quantities along with optimum quantities of synthetic polymer, pigment and water. The formulation was used for coating seeds in three different dosages such as 20, 30 and 40 g Kg-1 of seeds and assessed for effect on seed germination characteristics as well as  initial seedling vigour in nursery bed laid in a shade house. The effect on plant growth and productivity was evaluated by adopting a field trial in randomized block design. The observations were made on various growth and yield attributes. The results revealed a gradual increase in all the seed germination characteristics observed, as the dosage increased. The final seed yield recorded (Kg plot-1) and 100 seed weight (g) was also found to be highest when the cotton seeds were treated with 40 g kg-1 as it recorded 116.84 and 15.25 per cent increase over control and 44.05 and 12.84 per cent increase over 30 g kg-1. The results of the present experiment brought out the positive impact of seed coating polymer formulation on plant growth, chlorophyll content, branching pattern, boll yield, seed yield and 100 seed weight in all the dosages experimented viz., 20, 30 and 40 g kg-1 , however the highest improvement was recorded in 40 g kg-1. The crop growth and yield improvement is attributed to the increased activity of rhizosphere microorganisms and eventual increase in mobilization of nutrients to the plants resulting in enhanced crop growth and productivity.


Keywords: Film coating, seed coating polymer, nutrient additives, cotton, seed germination,  rhizosphere, microbes, crop growth, seed yield
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How to cite this article:

Bhaskaran, M., R. Santhiya and Umarani, R. 2017. Nutrient based seed coating formulation for enhancement of seed germination characteristics, crop growth and productivity of cotton.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 6(12): 5429-5438. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.612.508