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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2019: 96.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2016.5(9): 111-119
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2016.509.013


Antibiotic Resistance Patterns of Isolated Bacteria from Government and Private Poultries Water Samples in Ado-Ekiti
A.T. Odeyemi* and O.E. Omotoso
Department of Microbiology, Ekiti State University, Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria  
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

This study was carried out to isolate and identify antibiotic resistant bacteria from the raw water, antibiotic treated water and droppings of government and private poultries in Ado-Ekiti, Ekiti State. The total bacterial and coliform counts were done using pour plate technique while the susceptibility of the isolated microbes was determined using disc diffusion method. The mean bacterial estimation of raw water, antibiotic treated water samples and fowls feacal droppings ranged 0.6 x 104- 0.2 x 105CFU/ml, 0.7 x 104-0.4 x 105CFU/ml and 7.8 x 104-13.3 x 105CFU/ml respectively for private poultries; while the mean bacterial values of Government (EKSU) poultry ranged 0.7 x 104-0.3 x 105CFU/ml, 1.0 x 104-0.9 x 105CFU/ml and 4.7 x 104-6.3 x 105CFU/ml respectively. A total of two hundred bacteria were isolated, belonging to eleven genera; among which Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli had the highest incidence of 61(30.5%) and 48(24%), while Enterobacter had least incidence of 1(0.5%). Other organisms isolated include species of Micrococcus, Pseudomonas, Klebsiella, Bacillus, Proteus, Acetobacter, Streptococcus and Serratia. The result of antibiotic sensitivity test revealed that Escherichia coli exhibited highest resistance to Gentamycin (73%) and lowest to Ofloxacin (54%). Pseudomonas spp. showed resistance range of 45% (Ofloxacin) to 80% (Nalixidic acid), while Klebsiella, Proteus, Enterobacter, Serratia and Acetobacter were more susceptible to Ofloxacin.  The gram positive were more susceptible to Chloramphenicol, except Bacillus which was more susceptible to Gentamycin and Augmentin.  Streptococcus spp. also resisted the activity of Cotrimoxazole (83%). This study therefore emphasis on the need for proper usage of antibiotics in poultries under appropriate veterinary agency, so as cub the emergence of antibiotic resistant bacteria from poultries and also recommends the use of Ofloxacin for bacteria infections.


Keywords: Poultries, antibiotics resistance, raw water, antibiotic treated water
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How to cite this article:

Odeyemi, A.T., and Omotoso, O.E. 2016. Antibiotic Resistance Patterns of Isolated Bacteria from Government and Private Poultries Water Samples in Ado-Ekiti.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 5(9): 111-119. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2016.509.013