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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2016.5(7): 990-999
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2016.507.111


Incidence of Aeromonas species isolated from Diarrhoea patients and water samples from coastal districts of Odisha, India
Bibhuti Bhusan Pal1*, Sanjay Kumar Pattnaik1, Anima Mohanty1, Surya Kanta Samal1, Hemant Kumar Khuntia1 and Sukanta Kumar Nayak2
1Regional Medical Research Centre (ICMR), Chandrasekharpur, Bhubaneswar-751023, India
2Central Institute of Freshwater Aquaculture (CIFA), Kausalyanga, Bhubaneswar-751002, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

A comprehensive study was performed to examine the incidence of different Aeromonas species, their drug sensitivity patterns and virulence genes isolated from diarrhoea patients and environmental water samples between September, 2006 to August, 2007  in Odisha. The rectal swab and water samples were bacteriologically analyzed using standard techniques; detection of toxic and clonality were done by PCR and RAPD-PCR Assay respectively. Out of 280 diarrhoea samples and 100 water samples, 20.2% from diarrhoea patients and 62.5% from water samples were positive for Aeromonas spp. A. hydrophila (50.9%) was isolated as dominant pathogen followed by A. caviae (27.2%) and A. sobria (21.8%). The common resistance profile of three different Aeromonas species were piperacillin, kanamycin, bacitracin, rifampicin, erythromycin, sulfadiazine, roxithromycin, lomefloxacin, ciprofloxacin, ampicillin, furazolidone, cefuroxime, and amoxycillin. On blood agar plates 52.7% of Aeromonas spp. showed β- hemolysis and production of hly A gene as revealed by PCR assay. RAPD PCR assay revealed that the Aeromonas spp. were quite similar in clonality. As diarrhoea is the most promising health problem in Odisha, this type of study should be extended for longer period in different parts of the state.


Keywords: Diarrhoea, Aeromonas spp., Antibiotic sensitivity, Odisha
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How to cite this article:

Bibhuti Bhusan Pal, Sanjay  Kumar  Pattnaik,  Anima  Mohanty, Surya       Kanta Samal, Hemant Kumar Khuntia and Sukanta Kumar Nayak. 2016. Incidence of Aeromonas species isolated from Diarrhoea patients and water samples from coastal districts of Odisha, India.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 5(7): 990-999. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2016.507.111