Follow
International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39 For more details click here
National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS) : NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020) [Effective from January 1, 2020]For more details click here

Login as a Reviewer

Indexed in



National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

See Guidelines to Authors
Current Issues

Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(5): 3260-3268
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.705.381


Evolving Safe and Strategic Supplementation to Ruminants Fed with Rice Gruel
R. Suresh1*, V. Balakrishnan2 and P. Vasan1
1Department of Animal Nutrition, Veterinary College and Research Institute, Orathanadu 614 625, Tamil Nadu, India
2Department of Animal Nutrition, Madras Veterinary College, Chennai 600 007,
Tamil Nadu, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The present study was carried out to evolve a safe and strategic supplementation to rice gruel by synchronizing nutrient delivery in the rumen for maximum microbial production. Three in vitro trials were conducted to study the rumen fermentation characteristics of non-protein nitrogen (NPN) and sulphur sources supplementation to rice gruel with basal diet (Bajra x Napier grass, CO4). Urea and diammonium phosphate (DAP) were used as NPN sources, while copper sulphate and sodium sulphate were used as sulphur sources. The results indicated that sodium sulphate was the choice of sulphur source and pH and ammonia concentration were not alarming enough to produce toxicity. Both urea and DAP supplementation produced beneficial effect by significantly (P<0.05) increasing the microbial biomass production and apparent dry matter digestibility. The results were validated in semi-continuous culture (RUSITEC) system. The results of the study clearly demonstrated that the pH was in the range, that were neither low (5.5) to induce acidosis nor high enough (7.4) to convert ammonium ion (NH4+) to free ammonia (NH3) to promote ammonia permeability. The IVDMD (In vitro dry matter digestibility) of the various treatments were not significantly (P>0.05) different from each other and the microbial biomass yield was numerically highest in “basal diet + rice gruel +DAP + sodium sulphate” (28.31 ± 2.06 per cent).


Keywords: Ammonia, Microbial biomass, pH, Rumen simulation technique
Download this article as Download

How to cite this article:

Suresh, R., V. Balakrishnan and Vasan, P. 2018. Evolving Safe and Strategic Supplementation to Ruminants Fed with Rice Gruel.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(5): 3260-3268. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.705.381