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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39 For more details click here
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(5): 3112-3119
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.705.363


Ruminoscopy in Cattle (Bos taurus) with Ruminal Lactacidosis - A Rapid and Novel Method to Visualize Rumen Papillary Changes
K. Sasikala1, G. Vijayakumar1*, S. Sivaraman1 and G.A. Balasubramaniam2
1Department of Veterinary Clinical Medicine
2Department of Veterinary Pathology, Veterinary College and Research Institute, Namakkal 637 002, Tamilnadu Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Chennai, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Seventy eight Jersey and thirty two Holstein Friesian cross bred cattles were reported with the history of carbohydrate engorgement. Rumen fluid pH was less than 5 in all the animals. Endoscopy was performed by using Olympus flexible video endoscope. Animals were physically restrained without sedation. On endoscopy yellowish to brown coloured fluid could be visualized upon entering through relaxed lower oesophageal sphincter. The rumen fluid was lavaged out and irrigation of rumen was done to facilitate the ruminoscopy. The endoscope tip placed on the dorsal and ventral sac of the rumen revealed greyish to light brown coloured cornified epithelium and necrosis. In some places it was peeled off easily and dark, hemorrhagic surface was found beneath, although no such changes were noticed in the reticulum. Endoscopic guided biopsy revealed massive vacuolar degeneration with varying nuclear changes of squamous epithelium in rumen and reticulum on histopathology.


Keywords: Cattle, Ruminal acidosis, Endoscopy, Papillary changes
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How to cite this article:

Sasikala, K., G. Vijayakumar, S. Sivaraman and Balasubramaniam, G.A. 2018. Ruminoscopy in Cattle (Bos Taurus) with Ruminal Lactacidosis - A Rapid and Novel Method to Visualize Rumen Papillary Changes.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(5): 3112-3119. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.705.363