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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(5): 3076-3086
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.705.359


Comparative Performance of Microbial Cultural and Earthworm in Composting of Tender Coconut Waste into High Quality Organic Manure
Kalpana Motha1, A.V.D. Dorajerao2 and S. Vishala1
1Horticultural Research Station, Dr YSRHU, Vijayarai, India
2College of Horticulture, Dr YSRHU, Venkataramannagudam, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Consumption of tender coconut is increasing day by day. Due to heavy consumption of these tender nuts in urbans, the disposal also indirectly affects public health. Biodegradation of tender coconut took more than two years under natural condition. Hence, a study was taken on “Conversion of tender coconut waste into high quality organic manure using microorganism and earthworms”. The tender coconut waste was pretreated with lime, rock phosphate, cowdung and glyricidia and treatment was imposed viz., T1-TCW+earthworm (Eudrilus eugeniae), T2-TCW + Trichoderma viridae + Pleurotus sajorcaju, T3-TCWonly (without earthworms/microorganism), T4-RTCW (Raw tender coconut waste). The results of the experiment revealed that vermicomposting of tender coconut waste with Eudrilus eugeniae significantly reduces the time of composting (60 days) with highest compost recovery (680kg/one tonne) compared to microbial compost (90 days) with compost recovery of 490kgs/one tonne of the substrate. Vermicomposting of tender coconut waste resulted in increase of pH, decrease of electrical conductivity (dms 1), cellulose (%), lignin (%) and significantly narrow down the carbon nitrogen ratio. The raw tender coconut contains nitrogen (0.53%), phosphorus (0.10%) and potash (2.23%), on composting, there was increase of 1.55% (N), 0.23% (P) and 2.24% (K) in vermicompost whereas in microbial compost 0.90% (N), 1.11% (P) and decrease in K by 0.95%. The vermicompost was also rich in micronutrients viz., manganese (164ppm), Iron (8381 ppm), Zinc (134.60 ppm), copper (38.33 ppm). A total microbial load (cfu’s) was observed high in vermicompost (486.61 cfu/g) compared to microbial compost (391.14 cfu/g).


Keywords: Vermicompost, Microbial compost, Tendernut waste, Nutrients, Cellulose, Lignin
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How to cite this article:

Kalpana Motha, A.V.D. Dorajerao and Vishala, S. 2018. Comparative Performance of Microbial Cultural and Earthworm in Composting of Tender Coconut Waste into High Quality Organic Manure.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(5): 3076-3086. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.705.359