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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39 For more details click here
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(5): 2152-2155
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.705.250


A Hospital Based Study of Pulmonary Tuberculosis and HIV Co-Infection – In North India
Vikas Kumar, Arti Agrawal, Namita Srivastawa, Ankur Goyal and Richa Gupta*
Sarojini Naidu Medical College, Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

India has a high tuberculosis burden and it remains one of the significant contributor and major cause of death in patients living with HIV. Tuberculosis can occur at any stage of HIV disease, and its manifestation depends largely on the level of immunosuppression. With the expansion and convergence of the HIV and tuberculosis epidemics worldwide, clinicians will increasingly be called on to manage and treat co-infected patients. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of pulmonary tuberculosis and associated HIV infection among suspected pulmonary tuberculosis patients attending at our hospital. This study covering the period from January 2017 to June 2017 was conducted at Department of Microbiology, SN Medical College, India. A total of 300 patients suspecting of having tuberculosis and consenting for HIV testing were included in the study. The TB diagnosis was performed using sputum microscopy (AFB staining) and all the cases were screened for HIV by using rapid HIV kits according to NACO guidelines. Overall, 29 (9.66%) cases were diagnosed as sputum positive pulmonary tuberculosis among which 2 cases (6.90 %) were sero-positive for HIV antibodies. HIV-TB co infection represents a novel pathogenic scenario at the global level. It constitutes a serious diagnostic and therapeutic challenge in poor countries. In our study, the prevalence of pulmonary TB was 9.66 % and HIV—TB co-infection was 6.90%.


Keywords: Pulmonary tuberculosis, HIV, Co-infection, NACO
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How to cite this article:

Vikas Kumar, Arti Agrawal, Namita Srivastawa, Ankur Goyal and Richa Gupta. 2018. A Hospital Based Study of Pulmonary Tuberculosis and HIV Co-Infection – In North India.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(5): 2152-2155. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.705.250