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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39 For more details click here
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(5): 1872-1880
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.705.220


Clinico-Mycological Study of Dermatophytoses at a Tertiary Care Hospital in Belagavi, Karnataka
Santhosh Gadadavar1, H.S. Shilpa2, C.S. Patil2, P.S. Vinay2 and Nirmala Shettar3
1Department of Microbiology JN Medical College Belagavi and Consultant Microbiologist, KLE Centenary Hospital, Yallur Road, Belagavi, Karnataka, India
2Department of Microbiology, USMKLE IMP Belagavi, Karnataka, India
3Consultant Dermatologist, KLE Centenary Hospital, Yallur, Karnataka, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Dermatophytes are among the common fungal agents implicated in superficial skin infections worldwide. Infections commonly occur in hot and humid climates. They include species of Trichophyton, Microsporum and Epidermophyton. The present study was done to assess the clinical profile of dermatophytic infections and to identify the species of fungi that are prevalent in this region. A total of 80 samples consisting of skin scrapings, nail scrapings and hair follicles were collected from patients presenting with different ringworm/ tinea infections. Direct microscopy in 10% potassium hydroxide (KOH) and culture on DTM and SDA was done for every sample. Tinea corporis 18/44 (40.9%) was the most common presentation. Trichophyton spp were implicated in 97.7% (43/44) cases while Microsporum spp was detected only in 2.27% cases. Trichophyton mentagrophytes was the predominant organism (81.8% cases) followed by Trichophyton rubrum (11.36% cases). Tinea corporis was the most frequently encountered clinical condition followed by tinea cruris. T. mentagrophytes was implicated as the predominating species followed by T. rubrum and M. gypseum. Unhygienic conditions among low socio-economic group, occupation of construction work may be some of the contributing epidemiological factors.


Keywords: Dermatophyte, Tinea, Trichophyton, Microsporum
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How to cite this article:

Santhosh Gadadavar, H.S. Shilpa, C.S. Patil, P.S. Vinay and Nirmala Shettar. 2018. Clinico-Mycological Study of Dermatophytoses at a Tertiary Care Hospital in Belagavi, KarnatakaInt.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(5): 1872-1880. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.705.220