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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39 For more details click here
National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS) : NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020) [Effective from January 1, 2020]For more details click here

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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(5): 1125-1132
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.705.137


Compositional Quality of Milk and Its Contaminants on Physical and Chemical Concern: A Review
Dilip Kumar1*, Dipti Rai2, Paras Porwal3 and Sudhir Kumar4
1Department of Animal Husbandry and Dairying, Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, U.P., India
2Department of Food Technology, Chhatrapti Sahu Ji Maharaj University, Kanpur, U.P., India
3Amity Institute of Biotechnology, Amity University Uttar Pradesh, Lucknow Campus, India
4Centre of Food Science and Technology, Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, U.P., India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

India is a highest milk producer. Whereas the concept of qualitative milk for consumer is the most valuable things related to milk production and its processing. The quality of raw milk is the primary factor determining the quality of milk products. Good quality raw milk has to be free of debris and sediment; free of off-flavours and abnormal colour and odour; low in bacterial count; free of chemicals (e.g., antibiotics, detergents); and of normal composition and acidity. Physical contaminants like dirt particles, hair, leaves, rubber and mettle particles, paper pieces etc. can get entry in to the milk at the time of milking. Chemical contamination in milk comprise may introduce during milk production, dairy processing and packaging. Aflatoxins, pesticides and insecticides residue, antimicrobial residue, antibiotic residue and heavy metals residue are chemical contaminants that can enter to animal feed and they have some residue in milk. Hormonal residue such as steroid hormones and bovine growth hormones is an other type of contamination which exerting profound biological effects in animals and humans.


Keywords: Quality milk, Aflatoxins, Heavy metals residue, Pesticides and insecticides residue, Hormone residue
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How to cite this article:

Dilip Kumar, Dipti Rai, Paras Porwal and Sudhir Kumar. 2018. Compositional Quality of Milk and Its Contaminants on Physical and Chemical Concern: A Review.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(5): 1125-1132. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.705.137