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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39 For more details click here
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(5): 899-904
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.705.109


Epidemiological Study of Hepatitis A Virus and Hepatitis E Virus Infection in Patients Presenting with Acute Viral Hepatitis
Sarita Netra*, Rameshwari Bithu and Rakesh K. Maheshwari
Department of Microbiology, Sawai Man Singh Medical College and Attached Hospitals, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Hepatitis A virus (HAV) and hepatitis E virus (HEV) both are transmitted through the fecal–oral route and cause self-limiting acute viral hepatitis, and poses a major public health problem in India. This study was undertaken to determine prevalence of HAV and HEV in patients presenting with acute viral hepatitis and to study its seasonal trend. A retrospective study conducted in Department of Microbiology, SMS Medical College and attached Hospitals, Jaipur, Rajasthan. A total of 1751 serum samples of suspected patients of HAV and HEV tested for IgM HAV and IgM HEV antibody respectively using ELISA method. Seroprevalence of HAV and HEV was 8.03% and 21.94% respectively and both affected males more than females. HAV infection was more common in young children while HEV infection was more in adults. HAV and HEV infection has a seasonal trend having highest infection rate in summer and monsoon. Health and civic authorities should make an effort to increase the awareness among general public, to facilitate the timely preparation and make necessary arrangement for efficient response to encounter outbreak or epidemic, thus reduce morbidity, mortality and economic burden.


Keywords: Acute viral hepatitis, Hepatitis A, Hepatitis E, Seroprevalence, Seasonal variation, Hepatic enzymes
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How to cite this article:

Sarita Netra, Rameshwari Bithu and Rakesh K. Maheshwari. 2018. Epidemiological Study of Hepatitis A Virus and Hepatitis E Virus Infection in Patients Presenting with Acute Viral Hepatitis.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(5): 899-904. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.705.109