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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39 For more details click here
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(5): 763-769
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.705.093


Effect of Organic Cu and Zn on the Performance of Pre-Ruminant Buffalo Calves
Harmanpreet Singh1, R.S. Grewal1*, Simarjeet Kaur2, Jasmine Kaur1, Chanchal Singh3, J.S. Lamba1 and Puneet Malhotra2
1Department of Animal Nutrition
3Department of Veterinary Physiology and Biochemistry, GADVASU, Ludhiana, Punjab, India
2Directorate of Livestock Farms, GADVASU, Ludhiana, Punjab, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Micro-mineral deficiencies of Zinc, Manganese, Iodine and Copper have been identified in blood plasma and serum levels of livestock in state of Punjab. Eighteen female buffalo calves of 15 day of age were randomly divided into 2 groups of nine each and fed calf starter of ingredient composition as per the prevailing feeding practice at the university dairy farm containing 0.66% zinc and 0.1% copper (organic and inorganic) in the mineral mixture as per specifications along with green fodder and milk. The growth study was of 120 days. Body weight and body measurements were recorded at monthly intervals to calculate growth of calves. Blood samples were collected at the beginning and end of experiment. Results indicated that the physical parameters were similar in TMRIM and TMROM fed calves. The average daily gain was 462.5 and 537.5 gm in TMRIM and TMROM respectively, though the difference was non-significant. Results indicated similar total TMR intake but significantly (P<0.01) higher digestibility of DM (P<0.05), CP (P<0.01), EE (P<0.01), NDF (P<0.05) in TMROM in comparison to TMRIM fed group. Better digestibility of CP and energy sources led to higher (P<0.01) percent DCP and TDN intake. The glucose, and total protein were significantly (p<0.05) higher in TMROM as compared to TMRIM. The other blood parameters were similar in both the groups. It may be concluded that buffalo calves fed zinc-lysine and Cu-lysine and inorganic Zn and Cu based TMRs exhibited no difference DMI and body measurements but supplementing organic minerals improved nutrient utilization and daily gain. It may be concluded that use of organic copper and zinc may be beneficial for improving growth, nutrient utilization and health of female buffalo heifers.


Keywords: Buffalo calves, Organic copper, Organic zinc
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How to cite this article:

Harmanpreet Singh, R.S. Grewal, Simarjeet Kaur, Jasmine Kaur, Chanchal Singh, J.S. Lamba and Puneet Malhotra. 2018. Effect of Organic Cu and Zn on the Performance of Pre-Ruminant Buffalo Calves.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(5): 763-769. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.705.093