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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39 For more details click here
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(5): 560-568
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.705.070


Analysis of Annual Precipitation and Water Table Changes in Shahrekord Aquifer
Rahim Alimohammadi Nafchi
Agricultural Engineering Research Department, Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari Agricultural and Natural Resources Research and Education Center, AREEO, Shahrekord, Iran
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The growth of technology has caused climate change around the world whose results are warming of the air, the occurrence of low precipitation periods, the conversion of snow into rain, and shortening of the length of snow remaining in the area. This research has analyzed Jahanbin basin and Shahrekord plain using water balance method and common indices. The results obtained using Standard Precipitation Index (SPI), Drought Magnitude (DM), Average Duration of Drought Intensity (ADI), Rainfall Anomaly Index (RAI), Standard Water Index (SWI) and Percentage of Normal Index (PNI), indices, indicated negative performance in the catchment area. Rainfall Anomaly index has risen to -4.56, even the SWI index shows that since 2000 the pressure on groundwater resources has increased, and withdrawals have exceeded the maximum allowable and water balance of the region is negative, which will continue until 2017, and the value of this index has reached -2.226. Moreover, the analysis of the moving average chart indicates the occurrence of drought periods in previous times, yet with the proper management of consumption, people have spent those times not many challenges. But, since 2007, about a decade ago, people have consumed water regardless of collective interest (benefit), optimal water consumption, and sustainable development, which had created an unfavorable condition.


Keywords: Jahanbin basin, Drought, SPI, DM, ADI, RAI, SWI and PNI indices
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How to cite this article:

Rahim Alimohammadi Nafchi. 2018. Analysis of Annual Precipitation and Water Table Changes in Shahrekord Aquifer.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(5): 560-568. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.705.070