Follow
International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39 For more details click here
National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS) : NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020) [Effective from January 1, 2020]For more details click here

Login as a Reviewer

Indexed in



National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

See Guidelines to Authors
Current Issues

Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(5): 148-157
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.705.019


Fatty Acid Profiling in Rapeseed Mustard (Brassica species)
Gyanendra Kumar Rai1*, Sreshti Bagati1, Pradeep Kumar Rai2, Sunil Kumar Rai3 and Monika Singh4
1School of Biotechnology, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Jammu 180009 (J&K), India
2ACHR, Udheywala, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Jammu 180009 (J&K), India
3Division of Plant Breeding and Genetics, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Jammu 180009 (J&K), India
4G.L. Bajaj Institute of Technology and Management, Greater Noida, GB Nagar, UP - 201306, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

An experiment was conducted during 2014-2015 to study the oil and fatty acids content in 26 genotypes of Brassica species. Significant differences (p≤0.05) were observed among the genotypes for the oil quality, viz. oil content and fatty acids content. Oil content is in the range of 32.67–39.47%, 37.82–40.56% and 40.35–41.43% in Brassica juncea, Brassica napus and Brassica rapa seeds, respectively. The saturated fatty acid (Palmitic acid) content is in the range of 3.08–3.85, 3.70–5.15, 2.75–3.73% in Brassica juncea, Brassica napus and Brassica rapa, respectively and oleic acid content is in the range of 0.80–48.70, 16.15–37.98 and 6.21–16.15 in Brassica juncea, Brassica napus and Brassica rapa, respectively. Significant variation (p≤0.05) was also observed for Linoleic acid content and linolenic acid. Linoleic acid content varied from 11.00- 45.30, 18.57- 26.93 and 14.08- 18.18% in Brassica juncea, Brassica napus and Brassica rapa, respectively and linolenic acid content varied from 11.10- 26.72, 9.99- 17.23 and 9.82- 26.66% in Brassica juncea, Brassica napus and Brassica rapa, respectively. The Erucic acid, another important trait also differed significantly amongst the Brassica species genotypes being 0.80- 49.40, 10.04- 34.96 and 43.77- 49.99%. The minimum Erucic acid content was recorded in Brassica juncea genotypes PM-24 (0.80%) and significantly at par with PM-21, PM-22, Pusa Karishma and Nov Gold, whereas maximum Erucic acid content were recorded in Pusa Bold (49.40%), DGS-1(34.96%) and RSPT-02 (49.99%) in Brassica juncea, Brassica napus and Brassica rapa, respectively. Significant variability in fatty acids content were noted in rapeseed mustard. The present study can be utilized in the breeding programme to develop qualitative genotypes with higher oil content and yield potential.


Keywords: Brassica, Oil quality, Fatty acids
Download this article as Download

How to cite this article:

Gyanendra Kumar Rai, Sreshti Bagati, Pradeep Kumar Rai, Sunil Kumar Rai and Monika Singh. 2018. Fatty Acid Profiling in Rapeseed Mustard (Brassica species).Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(5): 148-157. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.705.019