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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
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Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(4): 3815-3826
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.704.429


Identification of Existing Agroforestry Systems and Socio-Economic Assessment in Kandaghat Block of Solan District, Himachal Pradesh
Pradeep Kumar1*, C.L. Thakur1, Pradeepen Rai1 and Kaushal Attri2
1Department of Silviculture and Agroforestry
2Department of Plant Pathology, Dr. Yashwant Singh Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry, Nauni 173230, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The study was carried out at Kandaghat block in Solan district of Himachal Pradesh with the aim to identify different existing agroforestry systems and to assess the demographic and socio-economic conditions of farmers. Agrisilviculture (AS), Agrisilvipastoral (ASP), Agrisilivihorticulture (ASH), Agrihortisilviculture (AHS), Hortipastoral (HP) and Silvipastoral (SP) were prominent system in the studied area. Five types of agroforestry systems were practised by the marginal and six systems each by small and medium categories. Amongst them, ASP and SP were most widely adopted irrespective of farmers’ category. Average family members per household was in the order: Medium (6.8) > Small (6.2) > Marginal (6.1). Sex ratio was observed as Small (1138) > Marginal (1033) > Medium category (943). Males dominated over women in literacy as well as in all the income generation avenues except in the farm labor. Cow was the most preferred domesticated animal followed by buffaloes, goats and sheep. Average area under arable land constitutes 53.68 per cent combining both irrigated and unirrigated areas, out of which major portion of arable land is dependent on rainfall. Besides, considerable amount of arable land was also under irrigation facilities. The system units in agriculture components were wheat, pea, mustard, barley and cabbage, cauliflower as rabi crops, whereas maize, colocassia, beans, capsicum, tomato, ginger and turmeric as kharif crops. Tree components were Grewia optiva, Celtis australis, Pinus roxburghii, Robinia pseudoacasia, Quercus leucotrichophora, Bauhinia variegata, Myrica esculanta, Pistacia integerrima, Toona ciliata, Pyrus pashia, Morus alba, Ficus roxburghii, Ficus palmata and Prunus padus which were retained on the bunds of agriculture fields, whereas fruit trees of Prunus armeniaca, Pyrus communis and Prunus saliciana were planted in and around the agriculture fields. The dominant grass species were observed as Chrysopogon montanus, Heteropogon contortus, Panicum maximum, Apluda mutica, Dicanthium annulatum, Themada anathera, Ischaemum aristatum, Arundinella nepalensis and Oplismenus compositus.


Keywords: Agroforestry system, Farmers’ category, Socio-economic, Sex- ratio
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How to cite this article:

Pradeep Kumar, C.L. Thakur, Pradeepen Rai and Kaushal Attri. 2018. Identification of Existing Agroforestry Systems and Socio-Economic Assessment in Kandaghat Block of Solan District, Himachal Pradesh.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(4): 3815-3826. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.704.429