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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39 For more details click here
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(4): 3653-3663
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.704.411


Effect of Rice Fungal Endophytes on Seed Germination and Seedling Growth of Rice
Lalngaihawmi1*, S. Banik2, P. Chakruno2 and Khatemenla3
1Department of Plant Pathology, Assam Agricultural University, Jorhat (785013), Assam, India
2Department of Plant Pathology, School of Agricultural Sciences and Rural Development (SASRD), Nagaland University, Medziphema Campus (797106), Nagaland, India
3Department of Horticulture, Assam Agricultural University, Jorhat (785013), Assam, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

An investigation was carried out to study the effect of rice fungal endophytes on the seed germination and seedling growth of rice at the department of Plant Pathology, SASRD, Medziphema campus, Nagaland. Culture filtrate of fourteen fungal endophytes viz. Cladosporium cladosporioides, Penicillium citrinum, Fusarium moniliforme, Trichoderma asperellum, Penicillium pinophilum, Aspergillus niger, Aspergillus flavus, Drechslera specifera, Penicillium oxalicum, Geotrichum candidum, Curvularia lunata, Aspergillus amstelodami, Talaromyces sp., and Chaetomium ochraceum were tested at different concentration (25, 50 and 100%) at different dipping periods (15, 30 and 60 minutes). The culture filtrates of the endophytes were prepared by growing the endophytes in Potato Dextrose Broth. Blotter method was used for testing the germination of seeds. The maximum per cent germination of rice seeds was recorded with the endophyte P. citrinum (96.65) when dipped for 15 and 60 minutes at 50 and 25% concentration respectively. The maximum shoot length was recorded with seeds treated with C. cladosporioides (13.74 mm) when dipped for 30 minutes at 100% concentration as compared to 6.74 mm shoot length recorded in control experiments. The maximum root length was recorded with seeds treated with A. amstelodami (42.59 mm) when dipped for 60 minutes at 100% concentration of culture filtrate as compared to control (41.19 mm).


Keywords: Endophytes, Potato dextrose broth, Culture filtrate, Blotter method
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How to cite this article:

Lalngaihawmi, S. Banik, P. Chakruno and Khatemenla. 2018. Effect of Rice Fungal Endophytes on Seed Germination and Seedling Growth of Rice.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(4): 3653-3663. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.704.411