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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(4): 3312-3321
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.704.375


Pesticides Usage and Handling by the Tomato Growers in Ramanagara District of Karnataka, India – An Analysis
G. Keshavareddy1*, K.H. Nagaraj2, S. Kamala Bai3 and Lata R. Kulkarni4
1Department of Entomology
2Department of Extension
3Department of Agronomy, University of Agricultural Sciences, GKVK, Bengaluru-560065, Karnataka, India
4Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Chandurayanahalli, Kalya Post, Magadi Taluk, Ramanagara District, Karnataka State, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

A study was conducted to analyze the perception and pesticides usage practices by the small tomato growers in Ramanagara district of Karnataka using the pretested questionnaire and field observations. Detailed Information was obtained from 129 tomato growers wherein the information related to extent and types of pesticides used, knowledge about pesticides and their effectiveness was collected. Most of the respondents (98.44%) were male and most commonly farmers use 25 pesticides in tomato ecosystem. The major source of information for the small growers about the use of pesticides was the local pesticides dealers (55%) followed by Krishi Vigyan Kendra (33.3%). A good number of farmers (55%) used pesticides upon noticing the pest or disease incidence in tomato as curative measure. A great majority of the farmers (87.59%) used knapsack sprayers to apply pesticides. However, it is astonishing to observe that 83.72% of the growers used no or partial personal protection measures to spray the chemicals. Over 48% of the farmers expressed that they did not consider the wind direction (pesticide drift) during spraying due to which 87% of the farmers reported symptoms of pesticides poisoning after spraying. Most of the farmers (88.37%) enter into their farms within 48 hours after spraying while many farmers (83.72%) did not follow commonly recommended guidelines for safe use of pesticides including using personal protection measures. The study revealed that the tomato growers in the district are suffering since they are highly exposed to pesticides due to inadequate knowledge about safe and judicious use of pesticides. Education is essential to reduce pesticides application and encourage farmers to adopt integrated pest and diseases management practices along with safe use of pesticides through capacity building programmes.


Keywords: Tomato growers, Pests and diseases, Pesticides, Plant protection measures
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How to cite this article:

Keshavareddy, G., K.H. Nagaraj, S. Kamala Bai and Lata R. Kulkarni. 2018. Pesticides Usage and Handling by the Tomato Growers in Ramanagara District of Karnataka, India – An Analysis.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(4): 3312-3321. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.704.375