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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
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Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(4): 2845-2850
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.704.324


Biochemical Characterization of Eupatorium glandulosum Plant Extracts
Shabinabanu S. Nadaf and Jyoti V. Vastrad
Department of Textile and Apparel Designing, College of Community Science, University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad – 580 005, Karnataka, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The present study was undertaken to identify the phytochemicals present in Eupatorium glandulosum of leaf, stem, flower and root. The use of natural plant part resources for applying ecofriendly finish for textiles has opened up new avenues in this area of research. Eupatorium glandulosum (Ageratina adenophora) belongs to the family Asteraceae. Asteraceae is one of the largest families of vascular plants, distributed over most of the earth and in almost all habitats and comprises of nearly 1200 species distributed mainly in the tropical regions of Americas, Europe, Africa, and Asia. Phenolics possess a wide spectrum of biochemical activities such as antimicrobial and antibacterial activity. The different plant parts of Eupatorium glandulosum was prepared using two solvents viz., 70 % ethyl alcohol and distilled water. Extracts were characterized qualitatively for the presence of alkaloids, flavonoids, tannins, saponins, and terpenoids and quantitatively for its Total Phenolic Content (TPC) was determined by Folin-Ciocalteu reagent assay method. The yield of Eupatorium glandulosum leaf, stem, flower and root using 70% ethanol solvent was found to be higher than the distilled water. Results of phytochemical screening revealed the presence of alkaloids in all the plant part extracts Eupatorium glandulosum. However, flavonoids, tannins, saponins and terpenoids were present in some plant parts. Irrespective of the solvent Total Phenolic Content (TPC) of the leaf extract was higher compared to the other plant parts. Hence, such compounds contribute to the antimicrobial and antioxidant activity and can be used for eco-friendly processing and finishing of the textile material for functional performance.


Keywords: Eupatorium glandulosum, Phenolic content and Phytochemical
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How to cite this article:

Shabinabanu S. Nadaf and Jyoti V. Vastrad. 2018. Biochemical Characterization of Eupatorium glandulosum Plant Extracts.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(4): 2845-2850. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.704.324