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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
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Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(4): 2341-2348
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.704.268


Effects of Rootstocks on Horticultural Characteristics of Various Exotic Apple Cultivars in Kashmir Climatic Conditions
J.A. Rather, F.A. Misgar, G.A. Dar and S.N. Qurashi
Division of Fruit Science Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences & Technology of Kashmir, Shalimar, Srinagar-19112, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

This study was aimed to determine the rootstock effect on various horticultural traits like annual extension growth, tree volume, TCSA, fruit weight, fruit volume and yield were significantly affected by rootstocks and recorded maximum vegetative growth in trees on MM106 compared to M9 rootstock during the studies. The vegetative growth also varied significantly among cultivars which are genetically controlled feature in different apple cultivars. Fruits harvested from trees on MM106 were significantly higher in quality parameters like fruit weight, fruit volume and yield compared to those on M9 rootstocks. Different varieties on MM106 rootstock recorded significantly higher yield of 16.55 and 20.19 kg/tree compared to 13.7 and 18.65 kg/tree on M9 rootstock during the studies. Results showed that the Vista Bella on the MM106 rootstock had the most mean shoot length of the current year (39.97 cm), Vista Bella and Mollies Delicious observes highest tree volume (19.22, 19.76 m3) and the lowest tree volume (15.01, 17.45 m3) was recorded in Cooper IV. Cultivars also had a significant effect on the TCSA and record maximum (78.97 and 86.68cm2) in Starkrimson and minimum (59.92 and 60.18cm2) in Vista Bella and Cooper IV respectively during both years of studies. Fruit weight and fruit volume was maximum recorded in Starkrimson (218.04, 228.56 g and 171.36, 175.91 cm3) as compared to other cultivars. Among cultivars Vista Bella had maximum yield kg/tree (19.60 and 23.58 kg/tree) and Cooper-IV recorded lowest (7.20 and 12.81 kg/tree) during the study period.


Keywords: Apple, Dwarf and semi vigrous rootstocks, Vegetative and horticultural traits
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How to cite this article:

Rather, J.A., F.A. Misgar, G.A. Dar and Qurashi, S.N. 2018. Effects of Rootstocks on Horticultural Characteristics of Various Exotic Apple Cultivars in Kashmir Climatic Conditions.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(4): 2341-2348. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.704.268