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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39 For more details click here
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(4): 2161-2174
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.704.246


Biosafety Issues in Commercialization and Development of Transgenic Crops
Manoj Kumar1*, S.P. Singh2, Mankesh Kumar2, Anand Kumar2, Satyendra Kumar2 and Priti Kumari2
1RRSS, Jalalgarh, BAU, Sabour, Bhagalpur, India
2Department of PBG, BAU, Sabour, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Application of transgenic technology for commercial crop production is faced with biosafety issues. These concerns are based on the argument that recombinant DNA-based transgenic technology differs from traditional breeding in that totally new gens using potentially risky technology are transferred between widely unrelated organisms and the location of these genes on the recipient genome is random, unlike when gene transfer take place through conventional breeding. These differences demands that adequate laboratory safeguards are used and plant developed by GM technology are rigorously assessed for their performance as also for the likely risks they pose. At present transgenics crops are under the purview of the Union Ministry of Environment, Forests and climate Change (MoEF & CC) under the Environment Protection Act (EPA) 1986 and rule 1989. The rapid adoption of transgenics crops, during 1996 to 2015, reflects the substantial multiple benefits realized by both large and small farmers (18 millions) in 29 countries with an area 179.7 mha. USA is the largest producer of GM crops in the world with about 73.1 mha of land under cultivation. Bt cotton, the only GM crop under cultivation in India, cover around (11.6 mha) 95% of the total cotton growing area and rank 4th in world. A total of 1128 varieties of Bt cotton hybrid have been allowed to be commercially released by GEAC from 2002 to 2015. Transgenic technology offers potential to developed crop varieties with new genetic properties. The need for adopting adequate safety measures for development, environmental release and use of transgenic crops and their products is well appreciated. Biosafety protocols need to be followed at work place during development of GM crops and commercialization at farmer’s fields. Basic research should continue on precise application in development of GM crops and simplification of biosafety protocols.


Keywords: Biosafety, Commercialization, Transgenic technology
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How to cite this article:

Manoj Kumar, S.P. Singh, Mankesh Kumar, Anand Kumar, Satyendra Kumar and Priti Kumari. 2018. Biosafety Issues in Commercialization and Development of Transgenic Crops.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(4): 2161-2174. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.704.246