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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(4): 1828-1834
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.704.207


Bacteriological Profile and Antimicrobial Susceptibility Pattern of Indian Currency Circulating in a Tertiary Care Hospital of South India
Zarrin Afroz*
Department of Microbiology, G.S Medical College and Hospital, Pilkhuwa – 245304. District – Hapur, Uttar Pradesh, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Currency in hospital is commonly contaminated with different pathogenic and potential pathogenic organisms and all people handling currency are invariably exposed to these microorganisms. To find the profile of bacteria on Indian currency and the antibiotic susceptibility pattern of the isolated bacteria. It was a prospective study from September 2014 to February 2015.A total of 200 currency notes of different denominations, taken from OPD registration counters, hospital pharmacy, laboratory technicians, doctors, nurses and other hospital staffs were analysed. Among the 200 currency notes of five different denominations 172 (86%) were found to be contaminated and 28 (14%) were sterile. A total of 214organisms were isolated from 172 contaminated currency notes. Among the 214 isolates 106 (49.53%) were pathogenic and 108 (50.47%) were non-pathogenic organisms. Out of 214 isolates the percentage of Gram positive isolates were 186 (86.9%) and 28 (13.1%) were Gram negative bacilli. Among Gram positive cocci the most common isolate was Enterococcus 54 (25.2%) followed by CONS 48 (22.4%) and micrococci 30 (14.1%). Among Gram negative bacilli the most common isolate was Pseudomonas aeruginosa 14 (6.6%) followed by Escherichia coli 10 (4.7%). Among the currency notes of different denominations most of the organisms were present on 10 rupees note and 20 rupees note 50 (23.4%) followed by 50 rupees note 46 (21.5%). Minimum no of organisms were present on 500 rupees note 32 (14.9%). Among Gram positive isolates maximum susceptibility was seen against vancomycin and linezolid 126 (100%). Among the Gram negative isolates maximum susceptibility was seen against imipenem 28 (100%) followed by piperacillin – tazobactam 26 (92.8%). With the knowledge of the likely organisms isolated from currency notes and their resistance pattern, good money handling practices such as washing hands with soap and water before eating and avoiding using saliva during counting money can reduce risk of infection.


Keywords: Currency notes, Bacteriological profile, Antibiotic susceptibility pattern
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How to cite this article:

Zarrin Afroz. 2018. Bacteriological Profile and Antimicrobial Susceptibility Pattern of Indian Currency Circulating in a Tertiary Care Hospital of South India.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(4): 1828-1834. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.704.207