International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39 For more details click here
National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS) : NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020) [Effective from January 1, 2020]For more details click here

Login as a Reviewer

Indexed in

National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2019: 96.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39
For more details click here

See Guidelines to Authors
Current Issues

Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : /
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(4): 1503-1515

Hospital Acquired Infection: Bacteriological Profile of Species from Environmental Surfaces of Cotonou 5 Hospital in South Benin (West Africa)
F Cyr Doscoph Afle1*, Alidéhou Jerrold Agbankpe2, Roch Christian Johnson1, Olivia Houngbegnon3, Sègbè Christophe Houssou4 and Honoré Sourou Bankole3
1Interfacultary Center of Training and Research in Environment for Sustainable Development, University of Abomey-Calavi, 01 PO Box 1463 Cotonou, Benin
2Research Unit in Applied Microbiology and Pharmacology of Natural Substances, Research Laboratory in Applied Biology, Polytechnic School of Abomey-Calavi University, University of Abomey-Calavi, 01 PO Box 2009 Cotonou Benin
 3Bacteriology Laboratory of the Ministry of Public Healt, 01 PO Box 418 Cotonou Benin
4Faculty of Human Sciences, University of Abomey-Calavi
*Corresponding author

Hospital environment is sometimes the reservoir of pathogens that can be passed on to patients in different ways. The emergence of multi-resistant bacteria aggravates this situation, especially in a context of very limited therapeutic options. The objective of this study was to identify the bacterial species present on the environmental surfaces of the Cotonou 5 Hospital in order to control the contamination and the spread of pathogens. This aim was achieved by examining 165 samples, 135 (81.82%) of which had positive bacterial culture. The frequency of isolation was predominant in the intensive care unit (95%), emergency department (95%) and paediatrics (85%). In addition 49.77% of the positive bacterial cultures were Gram-positive and 50.20% were Gram-negative bacteria. Acinetobacter baumannii, Bacillus spp., Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus were identified in all surveyed hospital units. Among the Gram-negative isolates, Enterobacteriaceae were more abundant (31.19%), followed by Non-fermenting gram-negative bacilli (16.75%). This study revealed that different bacterial species were present on the hospital surfaces of the Cotonou 5 Hospital. It is a reflection of the level of implementation of hospital hygiene rules and the risk of the resulting healthcare-associated infections. However, the spread of pathogenic strains can be controlled by appropriate hospital hygiene measures.

Keywords: Healthcare-associated infections, Hospital environment, Benin
Download this article as Download

How to cite this article:

Healthcare-associated infections, Hospital environment, BeninInt.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(4): 1503-1515. doi: