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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(4): 1503-1515
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.704.169


Hospital Acquired Infection: Bacteriological Profile of Species from Environmental Surfaces of Cotonou 5 Hospital in South Benin (West Africa)
F Cyr Doscoph Afle1*, Alidéhou Jerrold Agbankpe2, Roch Christian Johnson1, Olivia Houngbegnon3, Sègbè Christophe Houssou4 and Honoré Sourou Bankole3
1Interfacultary Center of Training and Research in Environment for Sustainable Development, University of Abomey-Calavi, 01 PO Box 1463 Cotonou, Benin
2Research Unit in Applied Microbiology and Pharmacology of Natural Substances, Research Laboratory in Applied Biology, Polytechnic School of Abomey-Calavi University, University of Abomey-Calavi, 01 PO Box 2009 Cotonou Benin
 3Bacteriology Laboratory of the Ministry of Public Healt, 01 PO Box 418 Cotonou Benin
4Faculty of Human Sciences, University of Abomey-Calavi
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Hospital environment is sometimes the reservoir of pathogens that can be passed on to patients in different ways. The emergence of multi-resistant bacteria aggravates this situation, especially in a context of very limited therapeutic options. The objective of this study was to identify the bacterial species present on the environmental surfaces of the Cotonou 5 Hospital in order to control the contamination and the spread of pathogens. This aim was achieved by examining 165 samples, 135 (81.82%) of which had positive bacterial culture. The frequency of isolation was predominant in the intensive care unit (95%), emergency department (95%) and paediatrics (85%). In addition 49.77% of the positive bacterial cultures were Gram-positive and 50.20% were Gram-negative bacteria. Acinetobacter baumannii, Bacillus spp., Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus were identified in all surveyed hospital units. Among the Gram-negative isolates, Enterobacteriaceae were more abundant (31.19%), followed by Non-fermenting gram-negative bacilli (16.75%). This study revealed that different bacterial species were present on the hospital surfaces of the Cotonou 5 Hospital. It is a reflection of the level of implementation of hospital hygiene rules and the risk of the resulting healthcare-associated infections. However, the spread of pathogenic strains can be controlled by appropriate hospital hygiene measures.


Keywords: Healthcare-associated infections, Hospital environment, Benin
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How to cite this article:

Healthcare-associated infections, Hospital environment, BeninInt.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(4): 1503-1515. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.704.169