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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(4): 1236-1247
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.704.138


In vitro Antifungal Potency of Plant Extracts against Post-Harvest Storage Fungal Pathogens of Zea mays L.
Asha Sinha*, Shakshi Singh, Shrvan Kumar and Shivam Rai
Mycology and Plant Pathology, IAS, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi-221 005, (U.P.), India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Keeping in view the immense importance of seed the present investigation was carried out to detect 14 seed borne mycoflora of maize variety Vivek 27 by using Agar plate method and Blotter paper method. Per cent maximum relative density, frequency and abundance values recorded in Aspergillus niger (25.164, 10.638 and 28.652) and (23.538, 9.434 and 27.174) followed by Rhizopus stolonifer (14.309, 10.638 and 16.292) and (13.652, 9.434 and 15.761), Aspergillus flavus (13.322, 10.638 and 15.169) and (13.652, 9.434 and 15.761), Aspergillus fumigatus (8.018, 8.511 and 7.303) and (7.061, 7.547 and 6.522), Curvularia lunata (8.018, 8.511 and 7.303) and (4.708, 9.434 and 5.435), Alternaria alternata (6.414, 10.638 and 7.303) and (6.120, 9.434 and 7.065) by Agar plate method and Blotter paper method, respectively. Seeds treatment with five plant products, viz. neem, tulsi, onion, ginger and garlic were tested against suppression of seed borne fungi of maize seeds variety Vivek 27 at ratio of 1:1 (w/v). Fungi suppressed after seed treatment with selected botanicals were Rhizopus stolonifer, Mucor globosus, Aspergillus candidus, A. flavus, A. fumigatus, A. niger, Penicillium citrinum, P. expansum, P. notatum, P. versicolor, Rhizoctonia solani, Alternaria alternata, Fusarium oxysporum, F. roseum and Curvularia lunata.


Keywords: Seed borne mycoflora, Zea mays, Botanicals, Simpson index of dominance
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How to cite this article:

Asha Sinha, Shakshi Singh, Shrvan Kumar and Shivam Rai. 2018. In vitro Antifungal Potency of Plant Extracts against Post-Harvest Storage Fungal Pathogens of Zea mays L.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(4): 1236-1247. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.704.138