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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
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Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(4): 725-735
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.704.081


Land Resource Inventory and Characterization for Planning Soil Conservation Measures in Aravalli Hill Slopes
Jaya N. Surya1*, Vikas1, T. Lal1, R.P. Yadav1, D. Singh1, D.K. Katiyar1,R. Nagdev1 and S.K. Singh2
1ICAR- National Bureau of Soil Survey and Land Use Planning, Regional Centre Delhi, New Delhi -110012, India
2ICAR- National Bureau of Soil Survey and Land Use Planning, Regional Centre Delhi, Nagpur - 440033, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The Aravalli region in India is very prone to soil erosion and low hydrological regimes. The present study has been carried out in the Aravalli hill slopes to characterized land resources, identified soil problems to establish appropriate soil conservation measures in risk prone areas and appropriate land management practices. The integrated remote sensing (IRS-P6-LISS-IV and cartosat-1 merged data) and GIS based methodologies were employed for terrain analysis, identification of slope, landform, land use/land cover classes, hydro-geomorphology. Detailed soil resource characterization generated soil depth, texture, drainage condition, soil erosion status, and their related site-specific problems. The soils of the region are varied as per their physiographic set up. Soils of hill/ hill slopes are very shallow to shallow, excessively drained, gravely sandy loam, very severely eroded soils while upper piedmont plains are moderately deep to deep, somewhat excessively drained, loamy sand to sandy loam, moderately eroded while, soils of lower piedmont plains are deep to very deep, well drained, slightly eroded, sandy loam in texture and soils of fluvial channels or abandoned channels are moderately deep to deep, moderately well drained, stratified soils and severely eroded. The site-specific problems/potentials and thematic information generated were integrated, and suggested need based soil and water conservation measures such as contour bunding, staggered contour trenches, mechanical trenches, gully plugging, vegetative bunds, and field bunding to enhance the hydrological regime of the watershed and to check degradation and restore the eroded area for management of soil resources for sustainable production for improving socio-economic condition of the farmers in Aravalli region.


Keywords: Land resource characterization, Soil resource assessment, Soil erosion, Soil conservation measures, Remote sensing approach, Aravalli region
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How to cite this article:

Jaya N. Surya, Vikas, T. Lal, R.P. Yadav, D. Singh, D.K. Katiyar, R. Nagdev and Singh S.K. 2018. Land Resource Inventory and Characterization for Planning Soil Conservation Measures in Aravalli Hill Slopes.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(4): 725-735. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.704.081