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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(4): 580-595
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.704.068


Advances in Stress Physiology and Bioenergetics of Farm Animals: An Overview
Sunil Kumar1*, S.V. Singh1, Priyanka Pandey1, Suchit Kumar2 and Manish Tiwari3
1Animal Physiology Division, ICAR-National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal, Haryana, India
2AGB Division, ICAR-National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal, Haryana, India
3ABTC, ICAR-National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal, Haryana, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Livestock sector play a major economic and cultural influence throughout the world. The changing scenario of climate is a threat for sustainability of this sector. Climatic events such as rising temperatures are detrimental to the productive capacity of livestock under tropical climatic conditions. Heat stress due to rise in temperature affect the high producing animals more than low producing animals due to more metabolic heat productions. Countries which are under tropical and sub-tropical region are more sufferer of climate change. The energy metabolism and heat production of animals is highly variable, depending on the activity of the animal, its diet, thermoregulatory functions, sex, reproductive condition, time of day and year hair or feather characteristics, weather, parasites and pathogens, and various social and psychological effects. However, Knowledge and understanding of characteristics that directly used as a marker of heat stress includes coat, hide, skin, enzymes, hormones and hematological attributes may be helpful in combating the effect of harsh environment.


Keywords: Bioenergetics, Heat, Production, Stress, Temperature
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How to cite this article:

Sunil Kumar, S.V. Singh, Priyanka Pandey, Suchit Kumar and Manish Tiwari. 2018. Advances in Stress Physiology and Bioenergetics of Farm Animals: An Overview.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(4): 580-595. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.704.068