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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39 For more details click here
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(4): 520-533
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.704.061


Water Quality Index as a Tool for Assessment of Status of an Urban Lake of Mumbai
A. Usman1, K. Dube1*, S.P. Shukla1, P. Salaskar2, C. Prakash1, P.B. Sawant1 and R. Singh1
1ICAR-Central Institute of Fisheries Education Mumbai, India
2Naushad Ali Sarovar Samvardhini, Powai lake Mumbai, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

This study investigates the effectiveness of water quality index (WQI) for the assessment of aesthetic status of Powai lake by analysing selected parameters. Water quality was monitored monthly for a period of one year (November, 2016 to October, 2017) in five sampling stations (A, B, C, D and E) as a simple pollution indicator for an assessment to initiate appropriate management action. The result reveal that WQIobj did not support the results of analysis of variance simply because it is calculated using many variables to assess the overall water quality. The WQImin yielded high scores (69.07) compared to the WQIobj (63.80). However, WQImin was not able to differentiate the reference station and the others to a large extent, though some significant differences for the entire months were observed. This finding was further supported by individual level of concentration between the WQIobj and the WQImin index scores. The results suggested that water temperature, turbidity, and total phosphate along with carbon dioxide depend on monsoon as a result of the discharges into the lake. A calculation of WQImin based on eight parameters confirmed that water quality of the lake can be classified as “fair” however which a condition sometimes depart from natural or desirable levels (average scores between 65 and 79 in annual period) due to varying extent of environmental and anthropogenic factor. Furthermore, WQImin can be used as tool for assessment of water quality and employed in monitoring of aquatic body, because it decreases the cost of monitoring of the lake. Overall, the study shows that WQI is an effective parameter to evaluate the water quality of the lake which has a potential for aquaculture especially cage culture.


Keywords: Water quality index, Aquaculture, Aquatic bodies, Powai lake
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How to cite this article:

Usman, A., K. Dube, S.P. Shukla, P. Salaskar, C. Prakash, P.B. Sawant and Singh, R. 2018. Water Quality Index as a Tool for Assessment of Status of an Urban Lake of Mumbai.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(4): 520-533. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.704.061