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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(4): 290-301
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.704.033


Antimicrobial Susceptibility Pattern of Microorganisms Isolated from Abattoirs in Awka Metropolis, Anambra State, Nigeria
C. Okafor Ugochukwu*, I. Ayejimba Chidiebube, J. Archibong Etim and O. Umeh Sophina
Department of Applied Microbiology and Brewing, Faculty of Biosciences, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Nigeria
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The research was aimed at determining the sensitivity and/or resistance of isolated microbes from abattoirs to the various antimicrobial drugs used during food-borne illness caused by the consumption of abattoir-related products (such as meat) and the work-place related disease. The Amansea and Kwata abattoirs were used as study areas. Soil samples, wastewater effluents, swabs from cutting tables, equipments and slaughtered meat samples were aseptically collected from the abattoirs and the microbes were isolated using standard methods. The selected pure isolates were further identified as Staphylococcus species, Streptococcus species, Candida albicans, Rhodotorula species, Rhizopus species, Aspergillus niger, Aspergillus flavus and Penicillum notatum. Using the standard disc diffusion method, the antimicrobial susceptibility pattern of isolates was determined against antibacterial agents (Rocephin (30µg), Pefloxacin (10µg), Gentamycin (10µg), Ciprofloxacin (10µg), Streptomycin (30µg), Ampiclox (30µg), Septrin (30µg), Zinnacef (20µg), Erythromycin (19µg), Amoxicillin (30µg)) and antifungal agents (Nystatin, Fluconazole, Ketoconazole). The effectiveness of the antimicrobials or the susceptibility of the isolates were defined in percentage as follows: Rocephin (7.7%), Pefloxacin (10.9%), Gentamycin (9.3%), Ciprofloxacin (8.8%), Streptomycin (10.4%), Ampiclox (9.5%), Septrin (11.0%), Zinnacef (10.7%), Erythromycin (11.8%), Amoxacillin (10.0%) (for antibacterial) and Nystatin (37.0%), Fluconazole (27.0%), Ketoconazole (36.0%) (for antifungal). Erythromycin and Nystatin can thus be recommended as the most effective antibacterial and antifungal agents respectively. Bacterial and fungal resistance was seen among drugs such as Rocephin and Fluconazole respectively.


Keywords: Abattoirs, Susceptibility Pattern, Antimicrobial, Microorganisms, Resistance
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How to cite this article:

Okafor Ugochukwu, C., I. Ayejimba Chidiebube, J. Archibong Etim and Umeh Sophina, O. 2018. Antimicrobial Susceptibility Pattern of Microorganisms Isolated from Abattoirs in Awka Metropolis, Anambra State, Nigeria.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(4): 290-301. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.704.033