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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39 For more details click here
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(3): 3725-3736
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.703.431


Effect of Chlorophyllin on Biomphalaria alexandrina Snails and Schistosoma mansoni Larvae
Heba A. Elhadad1, Bassem A. El-Habet1, Rania M. Azab2, Hanaa M. Abu El Einin3, Wael M. Lotfy4 and Hassan A. Atef5*
1Department of Parasitology, Medical Research Institute, Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt 2 National Institute of Laser Department, National Institute of Laser Enhanced Science (NILES), Cairo University, Giza, Egypt 3Department of Environmental Researches and Medical Malacology, Theodor Bilharz Research Institute, Imbaba, Giza, Egypt 4Department of Community Health Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Alexandria University-Matrouh Branch, Marsa Matrouh, Egypt 5Department of Mycology and Mycotoxins, Animal Health Research Institute, Agriculture Research Centre, Dokki, Cairo, Egypt
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The present study was undertaken to investigate the lethal activity of chlorophyllin against different developmental stages of Biomphalaria alexandrina snails and Schistosoma mansoni aquatic larvae under laboratory conditions. In all experiments, the studied organisms were incubated in different chlorophyllin concentrations in the dark, and then exposed to sunlight to stimulate the lethal photosensitizing action of chlorophyllin. Snails lethal concentrations for six hours of sunlight exposure were as follows: LC90 (131.86 ppm), LC50 (82.68 ppm), LC25 (56.93 ppm) and LC10 (33.76 ppm). The lethal action of chlorophyllin is affected by several factors including: light source, duration of sunlight exposure, the developmental stage of the snails and the presence of infection. On the cellular level, histological sections revealed marked destruction of certain tissues with loss of their landmarks. Chlorophyllin also had a profound lethal effect on the larval stages of Schistosoma mansoni. So, chlorophyllin is a promising substance of plant origin that could be used in snail control programs.


Keywords: Schistosomiasis, Snail, Control, Chlorophyllin, Photosensitization
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How to cite this article:

Heba A. Elhadad, Bassem A. El-Habet, Rania M. Azab, Hanaa M. Abu El Einin, Wael M. Lotfy and Hassan A. Atef. 2018. Effect of Chlorophyllin on Biomphalaria alexandrina Snails and Schistosoma mansoni Larvae.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(3): 3725-3736. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.703.431