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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39 For more details click here
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(3): 3322-3328
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.703.383


Role of Carpenter Bee (Xylocopa fenestrata) Pollination on Fruit and Seed Yield of Ridge Gourd, Luffa acutangula L.
Prem Prakash Gautam* and Neeraj Kumar
Department of Entomology, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Central Agricultural University Pusa, Samastipur (Bihar) 848125, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The field experiments were conducted at the University Apiary, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Central Agricultural University Pusa, Samastipur (Bihar) during the Kharif season to document the production of fruits and seeds of ridge gourd increased significantly by pollination of Xylocopa fenestrata. The aim of this research was to study the pollination of ridge gourd (Luffa acutangula), to determine the effect of the visits on flowers per plant, fruit set, fruits per plant, fruit size, fruit weight, number of seeds, weight of 100 seed and seed yield. The obtained results showed that the open pollination (OP) treatment produced the highest fruit set per cent, number of fruits per plant, fruit weight, fruit yield followed by Xylocopa pollination, viz. XP3, XP2 and XP1, whereas lowest in pollination exclusion (PE). The result reflected that there was 36.80% increased in fruit yield in OP while, it was 34.50% in XP3, 25.30% in XP2 and 22.20% in XP1 treatment over pollination exclusion. Similarly, the highest number of seed per fruit, weight of 100 seed was found maximum in OP followed by XP3, XP2, XP1 and was lowest in PE treatment. The percentage increment in seed yield was recorded highest in the OP (70.00%) followed by XP3 (50.00%), XP2 (30.00%) and XP1 (10.00%) over PE treatment. The insect pollinators play significant role in pollinating ridge gourd flowers and enhancing yield of crop.


Keywords: Xylocopa fenestrata, Pollination effect, Ridge gourd
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How to cite this article:

Prem Prakash Gautam and Neeraj Kumar. 2018. Role of Carpenter Bee (Xylocopa fenestrata) Pollination on Fruit and Seed Yield of Ridge Gourd, Luffa acutangula L.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(3): 3322-3328. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.703.383