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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(3): 3275-3291
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.703.378


Drying Characteristics of Fenugreek and Its Computer Simulation for Automatic Operation
Ramandeep Kaur1, Mahesh Kumar1, O.P. Gupta1, Sukreeti Sharma2* and Satish Kumar1
1Department of Processing and Food Engineering, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana –141 004, Punjab, India
2ICAR-Indian Institute of Millets Research, Hyderabad- 500 030, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

A Computer program in ‘Visual Basic’ language was developed for fenugreek to rapidly determine the drying time and drying rate for a particular temperature and moisture content to minimize the operational problems. The drying was carried out in a tray dryer (Kilburn make Laboratory tray dryer) with heated air at a temperature of 50, 60, 70 °C and its combination. The time to reach equilibrium moisture content decreased with increase in drying air temperature (50°- 70°C). The logarithmic model showed the best fit to the data with high values of coefficient of determination R2 (0.994-0.998) and low χ2, MBE and RMSE values. Results showed, a maximum value of 4.49, 150.4 mg/100g and 1360 mg GAE/100g at 70 °C for rehydration ratio, ascorbic acid, and polyphenols content respectively. However, optimum tray drying at 61 0C with 0.8 g/cm3 loading density shows maximum retention of the same with minimum change in color and shrinkage ratio.


Keywords: Fenugreek, Tray dryer, Drying models, Diffusivity, Quality parameters, Programming
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How to cite this article:

Ramandeep Kaur, Mahesh Kumar, O.P. Gupta, Sukreeti Sharma and Satish Kumar. 2018. Drying Characteristics of Fenugreek and Its Computer Simulation for Automatic Operation.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(3): 3275-3291. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.703.378