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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39 For more details click here
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(3): 2037-2045
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.703.239


Effect of Age and Season on Enteritis and Antibiotic Sensitivity Test of E. coli Isolated from Infected Chickens in Odisha, India
Mayadevi Majhi1, Jasmine Pamia1*, Susen Kumar Panda1, Lipismita Samal2 and Rajashree Mishra3
1Divsion of Veterinary Pathology, C.V.Sc. and A.H., OUAT, Bhubaneswar
2Divsion of Poultry Science, C.V.Sc. and A.H., OUAT, Bhubaneswar
3Divsion of Veterinary Microbiology, C.V.Sc. and A.H., OUAT, Bhubaneswar College of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry Orissa University of Agriculture and Technology Bhubaneswar, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The incidence of enteritis in chicken was assessed in two organized farms of Odisha over a period of one and half years from January 2016 to July 2017. Detailed information about the farms like location of the farms, genotype of birds, age of birds, mortality, and cause of death were collected and noted. Blood samples from 120 numbers of enteritis affected birds and 10 numbers of apparently healthy birds of the same flock were examined for hematological parameters. The incidence of enteritis was found to be 28% from the necropsy of birds from the two organized farms. It was concluded that prevalence of enteritis in different farms was more during rainy (57%) than summer (39%) and winter (19%) seasons. The prevalence of enteritis in birds of 0-14 week’s age group (51%) was more susceptible to the disease than older age groups (4%). The average values of total leucocytes count (thousands/ cubic mm) and heterophils (%) were significantly higher in the affected birds. It was revealed by etiological diagnosis of enteritis that E. coli has the highest involvement (80 %) than nonspecific causes (17%) and coccidiosis (3%).The antibiotic sensitivity test of avian colibacillosis showed highest sensitivity for Gentamicin.


Keywords: Season, Age, Enteritis, Colibacillosis, Fowl hematology
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How to cite this article:

Mayadevi Majhi, Jasmine Pamia, Susen Kumar Panda, Lipismita Samal and Rajashree Mishra. 2018. Effect of Age and Season on Enteritis and Antibiotic Sensitivity Test of E. coli Isolated from Infected Chickens in Odisha, India.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(3): 2037-2045. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.703.239