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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39 For more details click here
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2019: 96.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2016.5(7): 670-674
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2016.507.076


A Study on Common Etiologies of Acute Febrile Illness Detectable by Microbiological Tests in a Tertiary Care Hospital
R.Vidhya Rani*, T. Sundararajan, S. Rajesh and T. Jeyamurugan
Department of Microbiology, Govt Mohan Kumaramangalam Medical College,
Salem Tamilnadu-636030, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Acute febrile illness is a common cause of patients seeking health care settings posing a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge to the health care workers. The aim of the study was to identify the common etiologies of acute febrile illness which are detectable by employing microbiological tests with correlation of laboratory parameters. This is a retrospective study involving 200 cases of acute febrile illness in a tertiary care hospital, Salem from December 2015-May 2016. Blood samples were tested for Dengue, Malaria, Typhoid, Leptospirosis, Rickettsial infections and complete blood count analysis.  Males and persons with age group of 20-40 were commonly affected. The commonest cause of acute febrile illness was Dengue in 54 cases (27%) with Primary Dengue infection in 45 cases (83%) and   Secondary dengue infection in 9 cases (17%). Most cases of Dengue were reported in monsoon and post monsoon period. Other causes of acute febrile illness detected were Typhoid in 6cases (4%), Malaria  in 4cases(2%) and Rickettsial infections in 2cases (1%). Thrombocytopenia and leucopenia were marked in Dengue cases.  Most Typhoid cases had leucopenia and Malaria cases had thrombocytopenia. Confirmatory diagnostic tests along with clinical skills and a good knowledge on epidemiology of febrile illness is essential in the management of such infections.  Vector control measures along with public awareness on preventive measures needs to be strengthened.


Keywords: Acute Febrile Illness,Primary Dengue infection,Thrombocytopenia and leucopenia.
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How to cite this article:

Vidhya Rani, R., T. Sundararajan, S. Rajesh and Jeyamurugan, T. 2016. A Study on Common Etiologies of Acute Febrile Illness Detectable by Microbiological Tests in a Tertiary Care Hospital.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 5(7): 670-674. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2016.507.076