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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39 For more details click here
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(3): 1371-1376
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.703.164


Seroprevalence of Infectious Bovine Rhinotracheitis (BHV-1) in Dairy Animals with Reproductive Disorders in Saurashtra of Gujarat, India
Jaysukh Kathiriya1*, Samiullakhan Sindhi1, Basavaraj Mathapati2 and Kirit Bhedi1
1Department of Veterinary Public Health and Epidemiology, College of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry, JAU, Junagadh, Gujarat, India
2Department of Veterinary Microbiology, College of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry, JAU, Junagadh, Gujarat, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Respiratory and reproductive disorders in dairy animals due to various etiological agents have led to significant economic losses to dairy industry. These losses are due to abortions, metritis, retention of placenta, repeat breeding, death of animals, loss of production and trade restrictions etc. The objectives of this cross-sectional study were to detect the seroprevalence of infectious bovine rhinotracheitis (IBR, BHV-1) in dairy animals of Junagadh, Rajkot and Bhavnagar Districts of Gujarat, India. Anti BHV-1 antibodies were measured using a commercial ELISA kit. Blood samples were collected from a total of 598 animals of different age, gender from the different places of the districts. Overall individual seroprevalence was 35.19%. The study revealed that BHV-1 is comparatively more widespread in cattle (36.31%) than buffalo (33.99%). The seropositivity of IBR increased with age of animals. The highest prevalence of IBR (42.07%) was observed in animals aged more than 7 years. As vaccination against IBR is not practiced in the region and higher percent positivity (>20%) in all age group of animals indicated the natural circulation of BHV-1 virus in the population. Because of less awareness on the vaccination of animals against this virus, the disease may spread rapidly. The results of present study also indicate that strict monitoring and surveillance of IBR is need of today to protect the animals from infection and further spread.


Keywords: IBR, BoHV-1, Bovine, ELISA, Seroprevalence, Reproductive disorders
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How to cite this article:

Jaysukh Kathiriya, Samiullakhan Sindhi, Basavaraj Mathapati and Kirit Bhedi. 2018. Seroprevalence of Infectious Bovine Rhinotracheitis (BHV-1) in Dairy Animals with Reproductive Disorders in Saurashtra of Gujarat, India.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(3): 1371-1376. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.703.164