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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39 For more details click here
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2019: 96.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(3): 1006-1013
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.703.120


Characteristics of Phytase Enzyme and its Role in Animal Nutrition
Geetha Shanmugam*
Department of Plant Biotechnology, Centre for plant Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore-641003 (Tamil Nadu), India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Cereals, legumes and oilseed crops are grown over 90% of the world’s harvested area. Together they serve as a major source of nutrients for the animal kingdom. An important constituent of seeds of these crops is phytic acid (myo-inositol 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6-hexakisphosphate; Ins P6). The salt form, phytate, is an anhydrous storage form of phosphate accounting for more than 80% of the total phosphorus in cereals and legumes. In contrast to other organo-phosphate molecules, phytate contains a high phosphate content, which results in a high negative charge over a wide pH range. Under normal physiological conditions phytic acid chelates essential minerals such as calcium, magnesium, iron and zinc. Phytic acid also binds to amino acids and proteins and inhibits digestive enzymes. Thus, phytic acid is an anti-nutritive component in plant-derived food and feed, and therefore, the enzymatic hydrolysis of phytic acid is desirable. The enzyme phytase is able to release the bioavailable phosphorus from phytic acid, consequently improving the phosphorus bioavailability and uptake of minerals.


Keywords: Phytase, Phytate, phosphorus, Hydrolysis, Nutrition
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How to cite this article:

Geetha Shanmugam. 2018. Characteristics of Phytase Enzyme and Its Role in Animal Nutrition.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(3): 1006-1013. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.703.120