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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(3): 728-736
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.703.085


Development and Evaluation of Low Gluten Composite Bread from Sorghum Cultivars
G.D. Arlene-Christina*, D.B. Kulkarni and B. Dayakar Rao
ICAR – Indian Institute of Millets Research, Hyderabad, Telangana, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

This study examined the effects of sorghum flour incorporation in the production of low gluten composite bread. Three cultivars namely M 35-1, CSH 13 R and DSV 4 were taken and compared with refined wheat flour (Maida) in terms of particle size, moisture, water activity, alcoholic acidity and falling number, etc. It was found that CSH 13 R passed 99.88% through 30 microns sieve which was closely related to Maida. Moisture content in cultivar M 35-1 was almost equal (8.62) than that of Maida (8.94). Water activity and alcoholic acidity were found highest in M 35-1 (0.7360) and (0.0743) and lowest in DSV 4 (0.5764) and (0.0520) respectively. DSV 4 showed highest falling number (536) compared to Maida (384). The damaged starch percent of the cultivar CSH 13R was highest (4.99%) among the cultivars studied. Composite bread was made using two combinations of sorghum flour (20 and 30%) with refined wheat flour (Maida). The samples coded (T1, T2 (20%, 30% M35-1), T3, T4 (20%, 30% CSH 13R), T5, T6 (20%, 30% DSV 4) and T7 100% maida). Bread samples were analyzed for weight specific volume, moisture, water activity, alcoholic acidity, etc. Crumb firmness was analyzed with texture profile analysis. The sensory evaluation of samples revealed higher scores for overall acceptability for sample T3 (7.5) (20% CSH 13 R). It is clear from the above study that good quality bread can be made with 20% sorghum flour having particle size of 30 mesh.


Keywords: Sorghum flour, Composite bread, Texture, Sensory evaluation
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How to cite this article:

Arlene-Christina, G.D., D.B. Kulkarni and Dayakar Rao, B. 2018. Development and Evaluation of Low Gluten Composite Bread from Sorghum Cultivars.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(3): 728-736. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.703.085