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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
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Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(2): 3419-3425
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.702.407


Chickpea Cultivation Governing by Phosphorus Application in Calcareous Soil
Vikram Singh1*, Ajeev Kumar2, Manohar Lal2 and Mahesh Kumar2
1Department of Agricultural Chemistry and Soil Science, Junagadh Agricultural University, Junagadh-362001, Gujarat, India
2Department of Botany and Plant Physiology, CCS HAU, Hisar-125004, Haryana, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

A field experiment on chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) was carried out under medium black calcareous soil conditions during rabi 2015-16 at the Instructional Farm, Department of Agronomy, College of Agriculture, Junagadh Agricultural University, Junagadh. Maximum dry matter accumulation per plant at 45 DAS (2.13 g plant-1), 60 DAS (17.10 g plant-1), 75 DAS (23.93 g plant-1), 90 DAS (32.90 g plant-1) and at harvest (34.05 g plant-1), plant height (42.30 cm), number of root nodules (8.48) at 45 DAS, dry weight of root nodules per plant (102.90 mg plant-1) at 45 DAS, stover yield (2450 kg ha-1), biological yield (3944 kg ha-1), protein yield (313.61 kg ha-1), uptake of N and K by seed, phosphorus and sulphur content and uptake by stover, total uptake of N, P, S by crop, available sulphur status (13.11 ppm), gross return ( 62580 ha-1) and net return ( 36300 ha-1) were recorded with the application of 60 kg P2O5 ha-1, which was significantly higher over control and 20 kg P2O5 ha-1. But maximum branches per plant (6.02), number of pods per plant (64.62), seed index (21.20 g), seed yield (1507 kg ha-1), phosphorus and sulphur content and uptake in grain, total phosphorus uptake by crop, available phosphorus status (43.53 kg P2O5 ha-1) were recorded with the application of 40 kg P2O5 ha-1, which was significantly higher over control and 20 kg P2O5 ha-1. Furthermore application of 40 kg P2O5 ha-1 recorded highest B: C ratio of 2.40 which was higher by 11.62 per cent over control.


Keywords: Phosphorus, Growth, Yield, Quality, Uptake and Chickpea
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How to cite this article:

Vikram Singh, Ajeev Kumar, Manohar Lal and Mahesh Kumar. 2018. Chickpea Cultivation Governing by Phosphorus Application in Calcareous Soil.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(2): 3419-3425. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.702.407