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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2019: 96.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(2): 2552-2565
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.702.311


Assessment of Groundwater Recharge in a Small Ravine Watershed in Semi-arid Region of India
Sangita Aba Khatal1, Shakir Ali2*, Murtaza Hasan3, Dhirendra Kumar Singh4, Anil Kumar Mishra4 and Mir Asif Iquebal5
1Division of Agricultural Engineering, Indian Agricultural Research Institute (IARI),
New Delhi, India
2Indian Institute of Soil and Water Conservation, Research Center, Kota, Rajasthan, India
3Center for Protected Cultivation Technology, IARI, New Delhi, India
4Water Technology Center, IARI, New Delhi, India
5Indian Agricultural Statistics Research Institute, New Delhi, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The water availability is limited, however demand of water is increasing many fold due to expansion of agriculture, growing population, rapid industrialization and economic development in India. Available water resources need to be managed properly to meet increasing demands of water. In this study, different hydrological processes as surface runoff, evapotranspiration and soil moisture were modeled to assess the groundwater recharge in a small watershed located in semi-arid region of Rajasthan, India. The daily potential and actual groundwater recharge in the watershed were estimated using HYDRUS-1D, an unsaturated flow model and Water Table Fluctuation (WTF) method, respectively. It was observed that the mean cumulative potential groundwater recharge in the watershed was found to be 3.24 cm (6.91 per cent of average annual precipitation of the region). The average actual recharge estimated by WTF method was found to be 8.3 per cent of average annual precipitation which was comparable with the HYDRUS-1D model.


Keywords: Ground water recharge, Water table fluctuation, HYDRUS-1D
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How to cite this article:

Sangita Aba Khatal, Shakir Ali, Murtaza Hasan, Dhirendra Kumar Singh, Anil Kumar Mishra and Mir Asif Iquebal. 2018. Assessment of Groundwater Recharge in a Small Ravine Watershed in Semi-arid Region of India.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(2): 2552-2565. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.702.311