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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(2): 2470-2479
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.702.301


Evaluation of Genetic Diversity of African Eggplant [Solanum aethiopicum (L.) sub sp Kumba] Using EST-SSR Molecular Markers
Sawadogo Boureima*, Kiebre Zakaria, Bationo-Kando Pauline, Kiebre Mariam, Traore R. Ernest, Sawadogo Nerbéwendé, Nanema K. Romaric, Ouedraogo M. Hamed, Kabore Boukaré, Alleidi Issa et and Sawadogo Mahamadou
Laboratoire Biosciences, Unité de Formation et de Recherche en Sciences de la Vie et de la Terre, Université de Ouagadougou, 03 BP7021 Ouagadougou 03, Burkina Faso
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

African eggplant (Solanum aethiopicum L.) is an important vegetable grown for it leaves and fruits in tropical regions. At Burkina Faso, Kumba group is widely used for food and traditional physic. It’s also income source for majority population. Despite, its socioeconomic importance, there is a few scientific knowledge on its genetic diversity. The objective of this study is to evaluate genetic diversity of Kumba group. For this, a molecular characterization of forty-nine (49) accessions collected in the three climatic zones was carried out. The analysis of diversity used EST-SSRs molecular markers revealed moderate genetic variability within the collection, structured into three molecular groups. Indeed, 19 of the 29 markers tested were polymorphic. Expected heterozygosity (He) for the all collection ranged from 0.075 for smSSR41 marker to 0.507 for smSSR27 and smSSR35 markers. The Shannon diversity index (I), it ranged from 0.163 for smSSR41 marker to 1.307 for smSSR09 marker. The organization of this genetic diversity is weakly influenced by the climatic zone.


Keywords: Kumba, Solanum aethiopicum, Molecular diversity, Burkina Faso
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How to cite this article:

Sawadogo Boureima, Kiebre Zakaria, Bationo-Kando Pauline, Kiebre Mariam, Traore R. Ernest, Sawadogo Nerbéwendé, Nanema K. Romaric, Ouedraogo M. Hamed, Kabore Boukaré, Alleidi Issa et and Sawadogo Mahamadou. 2018. Evaluation of Genetic Diversity of African Eggplant [Solanum aethiopicum (L.) sub sp Kumba] Using EST-SSR Molecular Markers.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(2): 2470-2479. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.702.301