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NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(2): 2422-2432
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.702.295


A Study on Economics Analysis of Diversification Farming System in Satpura Plateau Region of Madhya Pradesh, India
Sangeeta Mawase1, Sunil Kumar Mawase2*, Anil Kumar Rai3 and Jitendra Patidar4
1Department of Agricultural Economics and farm management, J.N.K.V.V. Jabalpur,
Madhya Pradesh, India
2Faculty of Science of Environment, M.G.C.G, V.V. Chitrakoot Satna, Madhya Pradesh, India
3Department of Agronomy, R.V.S.K.V.V. Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh, India
4Department of Agronomy, J.N.K.V.V. Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The research study entitled “A study on Economics Analysis of Diversification Farming System in Satpura Plateau Region of Madhya Pradesh” has been undertaken to study the location-specific exiting farming system along with their profitability and extent of diversification in the Satpura Plateau Region of Madhya Pradesh. Satpura plateau region of Madhya Pradesh was considered for study purpose. Satpura Plateau Region covers two districts i.e. Chhindwara and Betul. Chhindwara district having 11 blocks and Betul district having 10 blocks. One block from each district (i.e. Chhindwara and Multai) was selected purposively on the basis of more coverage of Agricultural Crops, Horticulture and dairy enterprises. After selection of block, lists of villages were prepared and then five villages were selected from each selected block. The list of farmer those who raised the Agricultural Crops, Horticulture and dairy enterprises were prepared and further categories into three groups on the basis of size of land holdings i.e. small (up to 2.0 ha) medium (2.1 to 4.0 ha) and large (above 4.0 ha) from each size group. Total 42 farmers were considered for detail investigation to fulfill. For the collection of primary data survey method was adopted to conduct the inquiry by personal visit with the help of interview schedule. The estimation of cost and return of different crops, scientific cost concepts were used. The result shows that on an average selling market price of milk (per liter) was observed to be Rs. 25 for all the size groups in dairy enterprise system. On an average of Rs. 126.54 income per day per animal was received from milk, F.Y.M. and dung under dairy enterprise system. More than 95 per cent income received from milk in all the size groups. The maximum gross income was obtained from Cabbage followed by Maize, Wheat, Paddy, Soybean, Marigold and Gram. It was found to be Rs. 82575, 77869, 96785, 69916, 66035, 42560 and 163500 for Paddy, Maize, Soybean, Wheat, Gram, Marigold and Cabbage respectively. The variation in gross income in different crops was observed in all the size groups due to price and level of production of different crops in the study area. Under crop group, the average net, farm business, and family labour income per hectare were observed to be Rs. 43405, 63879 and 49494 respectively. The gross income was found to be Rs. 79425, 77187, 95745, 70750, 65586, 41880 and 160000 for Paddy, Maize, Soybean, Wheat, Gram, Marigold and Cabbage respectively. The average net farm income per hectare was observed to be Rs. 46795, 47882 and 46017 for small, medium and large size group respectively. Dairy enterprise was also found profitable enterprise in the farming system. On an average net profit per annum of dairy were observed to be Rs. 42931, 44490 and 39780 under small, medium and large size group respectively. It could be concluded that farmers of different size groups i.e. small, medium and large adopted farming system which included three components i.e. crop, horticulture and dairy enterprise and this farming system was shows profitable business in the study area. It is revealed that on an average net profit was observed to be under different size groups of farming system, the highest net profit was received from horticulture then other components. It was found Rs. 41816, Rs. 51980 and Rs. 42400 for crop, horticulture and dairy per annum respectively. Over all it could be concluded that the highest net income was received from diversification farming system. Among the diversification farming system i.e. crop + horticulture + dairy enterprise was found most profitable in the study area. There is ample scope for increasing the farm income if farmers adopted diversification farming system in the study area. In this way more income and employment may be generated and improved the economic condition of farming community.


Keywords: Diversification, Estimation, Profitability, Proportionate, Farming system
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How to cite this article:

Sangeeta Mawase, Sunil Kumar Mawase, Anil Kumar Rai and Jitendra Patidar. 2018. A study on Economics Analysis of Diversification Farming System in Satpura Plateau Region of Madhya Pradesh, India.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(2): 2422-2432. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.702.295